產業園區運營商創新服務能力對入園企業的績效影響研究

The Impact of Operator's Service Innovation Capability on Firm Performance in Industrial Zones

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

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Author(s)

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Detail(s)

Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Pinliang LUO (External person) (External Supervisor)
  • Zhilin YANG (Supervisor)
Award date22 Apr 2022

Abstract

近二十年來,園區經濟在我國取得了快速發展,産業園區作爲城市各類産業的空間物質載體,對推動區域經濟增長、産業結構升級發揮了重要作用。當前,全球經濟和産業格局正在發生深刻變化,我國經濟正由高速增長階段轉向高質量發展階段。産業園區作爲最好的載體和平臺,將繼續引領我國經濟的改革和創新發展。

産業園區作爲産業集聚發展的重要平臺,應當促進園內企業的持續穩健經營與健康發展,提升企業競爭優勢,從而提升我國産業的國際競爭力。然而此前的研究更多關注宏觀層面,即産業園區對區域經濟發展的作用,而對微觀層面的企業關注較少,企業是創新和增長的源泉,如何促進園區內企業良好的發展也是值得關注和研究的重要問題。運營商的服務創新可以爲企業發展提供諸多便利,諸如:財務資金支持、配套服務供給、人力資源支持、政府政策對接等等,從而可以幫助企業降低交易成本,提升經營效率。

本文研究産業園區服務創新能力對入園企業的績效的影響,筆者通過文獻研究開發了問卷量表,幷調研廣東和長三角的産業園區,獲得一手數據展開實證分析。筆者共調研12家産業園區,向381家企業發放了調研問卷,最後獲得有效樣本爲332家企業,涵蓋傳統行業、現代服務業、高科技產業、資訊數據產業。

實證分析的結果表明,産業園區運營商的服務創新能力對企業綜合績效具有顯著的正向促進作用。通過仲介效應分析,尋找到産業園區服務創新對企業綜合績效的作用路徑:産業集群和平臺賦能。一方面,産業園區運營商服務創新能力通過促進産業集群,來促進企業的綜合績效提升,主要是産業集群下企業間的合作行爲增加,從而導致綜合績效提升;另一方面,産業園區運營商服務創新能力通過發揮平臺賦能效應,來促進企業的綜合績效提升,主要是促進成本降低和創新,從而提升園區內企業的綜合績效。
In the past two decades, the park economy has achieved rapid development in China. As the spatial and material carrier of various industries in the city, industrial parks have played an important role in promoting regional economic growth and the industrial structure upgrade. Nowadays, the global economy and industrial structure are undergoing profound changes, and China's economy is shifting from a stage of high-speed growth to a stage of high-quality development. As the best carrier and platform, industrial parks will continue to lead the reform and innovative development of China's economy.

As an important platform for the development of industrial agglomeration, industrial parks should promote the sustainable development of enterprises in the parks, enhance their competitive advantages, and thus enhance the international competitiveness of our country's industries. However, previous studies have paid more attention to the macro level, that is, the role of industrial parks in regional economic development, while paying less attention to enterprises in the park. Enterprises are the source of innovation and growth. How to promote the development of enterprises in the park is worthy of attention, and it’s also an important question for research. The service innovation of operators can provide many conveniences for the development of enterprises, such as: financial capital support, supporting service supply, human resource support, government policy docking, etc., which can help enterprises reduce transaction costs and improve operational efficiency.

This paper studies the impact of service innovation capability of industrial parks on the performance of enterprises in the park. The author developed a questionnaire through literature research, and investigated industrial parks in Guangdong and the Yangtze River Delta to obtain primary data for empirical analysis. The author investigated a total of 12 industrial parks and distributed survey questionnaires to 381 enterprises. Finally, the effective sample was 332 enterprises, covering traditional industries, modern service industries, high-tech industries, and information and data industries.

The results of empirical analysis show that the service innovation capability of industrial park operators has a significant positive effect on the comprehensive performance of enterprises. Through the analysis of intermediary effect, we find the role path of service innovation on the performance of enterprises: industrial clusters and platform empowerment. On the one hand, industrial park operators promote industrial clusters through service innovation, and the cooperation between enterprises will increase, which will lead to the improvement of comprehensive performance. On the other hand, industrial park operators exert the platform empowerment effect through service innovation, thereby promoting cost reduction and innovation, which will improve the comprehensive performance of enterprises in the park.

    Research areas

  • Industrial Parks, Operator, Service Innovation capability, Enterprises’ Performance