刑事速裁程序硏究

Research on Criminal Fast-track Sentencing Process

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

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Award date26 Mar 2019

Abstract

在當下中國推進“以審判為中心”的司法改革的時代背景下,訴訟模式的多元化發展已經成為一種世界性的實踐趨勢,其價值也日益得以彰顯。“刑事速裁程式”是刑事訴訟理論中的重要組成部分,也是近年來我國刑事司法運行的重要制度之一,它通過對審判程式的一些環節、步驟加以簡化從而使輕微刑事案件得到迅速審判。從理論上講,建立刑事速裁程式的主要目的是對“實現相對程式正義”與“提高訴訟效率”這兩大程式價值目標進行適當的協調,實現兩者之間的相對平衡。本文以該兩大價值的平衡作為研究“刑事速裁程式”的根本出發點與落腳點,並在此基礎上,通過考察和總結中國部分城市開展輕微刑事案件刑事速裁程式試點創設的經驗與不足,借鑒一些發達法治國家刑事速裁程式成熟的立法經驗,從而構建科學系統的程式運作機制,實現公正與效率二者的合理兼顧。既有助於實現刑事速裁程式所肩負著的促進案件分流、提高訴訟效率、節約司法資源、促進訴訟經濟的重要任務,又能實現其訴訟正義、保障個人權益的重要使命,合理兼顧公平與效率。

刑事速裁程式的構建旨在促進中國刑事訴訟程式的簡化、訴訟效率的提高。本論文以此為主線,對中國刑事速裁程式進行論證。本論文分導論、正文和結論三部分,共七章。第一章為導論,第二章到第六章為正文,第七章為結論。第一章是本文的導論,系統的分析了本文選題的背景,即在“案多人少”的巨大司法壓力之下,我國刑事司法制度亟需提高效率,刑事速裁程式改革及試點應運而生。以該選題作為研究物件,一是想解決實踐中出現的案多人少的巨大矛盾,二是想在理論中分析如何在司法效率與程式正義之間實現價值的均衡。除此之外,本章還交代了本文的研究思路和研究方法及創新,這為後章的研究起到了總局統領的作用。第二章為中國刑事速裁程式的歷史發展及其司法改革之影響。在這部分,圍繞刑事速裁程式的歷史沿革展開,對該程式的發展脈絡進行了梳理,並探討了其對中國司法改革產生的影響。第三章為中國刑事速裁程式的正當性根據和理論根據,主要探討了在刑事速裁程式的正當性問題上存在的爭議,以及該程式背後所依據的理論基礎以及其對實踐的指導價值。第四章為外國刑事速裁程式之比較性考察。這部分對兩大法系主要國家的刑事速裁程式進行了系統的梳理,總結了各國在提高訴訟效率方面所作的嘗試,以及各自在程式設計上的特點,並在此基礎上提出了對我國刑事速裁程式進行完善發展的有益建議。第五章為中國刑事速裁程式的運行現狀分析。主要考察了中國重點試點城市的基層法院就刑事速裁程式各種模式的運作狀況和效果,就其中的相關資料展開了分析,並對可能存在的問題進行了深入的反思。第六章為中國刑事速裁程式的構建與完善。結合刑事速裁程式試點實踐的經驗與教訓,指出目前在程式設計上所存在的不足,主要圍繞刑事速裁程式價值定位、適用範圍、刑事速裁程式一審終審機制的確立及其構建中相關配套和保障機制,落腳於中國刑事速裁程式的構建和完善。
The paper takes the criminal fast-track sentencing process as the research object, with the context of current judicial reform of criminal procedure centered on trial in China. The diversified development trend of the procedure model has become a worldwide practice and has been demonstrated already. The criminal fast-track sentencing process plays a critical role in studying the criminal procedure theory, and it is also one of the significant systems for the process of criminal justice. It simplified some steps or processes of judicial procedure so that the speedy trial for minor criminal cases could be realized. Theoretically speaking, the main purpose of setting up criminal fast-track sentencing process is to achieve proper coordination of two major procedural values–the relative justice and the improvement of procedural efficiency, so as to achieve a relative balance between them. This is the fundamental starting point and end-result of this study. Therefore, on the basis of reviewing and summarizing the experiences and inadequacies of the pilot project on fast-track sentencing process for minor criminal cases in some cities of China, and drawing lessons from the mature legislative experience of criminal fast-track sentencing process in some developed countries that ruled by law so as to establish a scientific system of procedural mechanisms and to realize the rational consideration to both fairness and efficiency. It establishes the important task of case distributing, improving procedural efficiency, saving judicial resources and promoting the judicial economy. And it can also realize its important mission of litigation justice and protection of individual rights and interests, and achieve the result of reasonable consideration of fairness and efficiency.

The construction of criminal fast-track sentencing process is designed for the simplification of Chinese criminal procedure and the improvement of litigation efficiency. This also becomes the argument of this paper in order to demonstrate the China's criminal fast-track sentencing process. This thesis is divided into three parts: introduction, text, and conclusion, involving seven chapters.

The first chapter is about the introduction, the second chapter to the sixth chapter the text, and the seventh chapter is the conclusion. The first chapter is the introduction of this paper, which systematically analyzes the background of the topic. Under the huge judicial pressure of "more cases dealt by fewer dealer", China's criminal justice system needs to further improve efficiency. In this context, the reform of criminal fast-track sentencing process and pilots came into being. Taking this topic as the research object, this paper is aimed to solve the huge contradiction that more cases dealt by fewer dealer, meanwhile, it involves to analyze how to achieve the balance of value between judicial efficiency and procedural justice. In addition, this chapter explains the research ideas, methods and innovations, which plays a leading role in the study of the subsequent chapters. The second chapter is about the historical development of China's criminal fast-track sentencing process and the impact of its judicial reform. It mainly focused on the history of fast-track sentencing in criminal procedure and the influence of China's judicial reform. The third chapter is about the theoretical basis of China's criminal fast-track sentencing process. It mainly discusses the controversy on the legitimacy of criminal fast-track sentencing process, as well as the theoretical basis behind the procedure and its guiding value to practice. The fourth chapter is the comparative investigation of foreign criminal fast-track sentencing process. It systematically covers the attempts to improve litigation efficiency and their respective design features about the similar criminal fast-track sentencing process which form the two legal systems. Moreover, it provides the useful suggestions and relevant enlightenments for perfecting the China's criminal fast-track sentencing process. The fifth chapter is about the analysis of the implementation of China's criminal fast-track sentencing process. It mainly inspects and examines the effects of implement pattern of basic People's Court in the key pilot cities of China. Followed by analyzing the investigation data and the effectiveness of fast-track sentencing process status, it reflects on possible problems. The sixth chapter is about the construction and improvement of the China's criminal fast-track sentencing process. From the current practice of criminal fast-track sentencing process, it can find the current deficiencies in the procedure design. For the construction and improvement of the China's criminal fast-track sentencing process, it mainly concludes the value positioning and the scope of application of fast-track sentencing process as well as the establishment of its one-final trial mechanism, the correlation necessary systems and the indemnificatory measures.

    Research areas

  • Judicial Reform, Criminal Fast-track Sentencing Process, Procedural Simplification, Justness and Efficiency, Guilty Plea of the Defendants, Rights and Interests Protection