International pollution tax coordination : a two-country aspect with capital mobility and different views on pollution damage

在兩個國家資本流動及對污染損害觀點不同下的國際污染稅協調

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

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Author(s)

  • Wing Shing JOR

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Siu Hung Eden YU (Supervisor)
Award date3 Oct 2006

Abstract

Transboundary pollution (e.g., air pollution and water pollution) cannot be tackled effectively without cooperation among countries. However, countries usually have drfferent views about the extent of damage pollution has on their citizens, and ths makes cooperation on pollution control policy drfficult to acheve. Using a two-country model, ths paper examines the possibility of adopting five alternative policy coordmation schemes, i.e., (1) concertina rule, (2) one-to-one rule, (3) equiproportional rule, (4) uniform rahal rule, and (5) harmonization rule. Ths paper finds that the first four rules make a country better off at the expense of another country. Although the harmonization rule makes each country's benefit less as compared to the four other rules, both countries wdl benefit and therefore agree on using the harmonization rule to reform the tax structure.

    Research areas

  • Environmental impact charges, Emissions trading