Free Probability as a Possible Bridge between Random Matrices and Hecke Operators

自由槪率論作為隨機矩陣與Hecke 算子之間可能的橋樑

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

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Award date9 Nov 2020


Inspired by the similarity of Wigner's Semi-circle Law in Random Matrix Theory and the semi-circle distribution of Free Central Limit Theorem (FCLT) in Free Probability Theory, D. Voiculescu revealed that the connection hinges on two facts: first, a random matrix is generally asymptotically a semi-circular element in a free probability space, secondly, several random matrices are generally asymptotically free. Here starting from the similarity of Sato-Tate distribution in Modular Forms Theory and the semi-circle distribution of FCLT in Free Probability Theory, we showed that analogous results hold: first, a matrix which essentially contains all the Hecke operators on the modular space S0() of a fixed level N is an operator-valued semi-circular element in an operator-valued free probability space, secondly, several matrices arising from Hecke operators on Sk0() of different level N are asymptotically operator-valued free. Combining the work of D.Voiculescu and the results here, we may connect random matrices and Hecke operators via free probability.