Capacity building through network management : a study of watershed eco-compensation program in China
網絡管理中政策執行能力之提振 : 以中國流域生態補償機制為例
Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis
Related Research Unit(s)
Many public policies are implemented in networks involving multiple organizations. Effective network implementation is thus needed to achieve better policy outcomes. Despite the obvious need to study network implementation, few studies examine the implementation process of network management and how the implementation influences policy outcomes. The relationship between network management and outcome is underspecified. Adopting the literatures of implementation capacity building and network management, this exploratory study examines why and how network management improves policy outcomes by introducing a network implementation capacity variable. Network implementation capacity has political, financial, technical, and managerial aspects. Employing a pathway case study method with data from a large environmental protection project (eco-compensation) in China, this research finds evidence supporting the formulation of a hypothesis that highlights the role of network implementation capacity in network management. More specifically, there is evidence that network management strategies influence policy outcomes through network implementation capacity. Two specific network management strategies, systems thinking and mobilization appear to have the largest influence on network capacity. Moreover, network control is the least effective of all strategies, suggesting a clear and tight hierarchical and administrative network arrangement and close one-way directing may not provide positive outcomes in an environmental network setting.
- China, Economic aspects, Watershed ecology, Environmental protection, Public administration, Management