知識網絡對傳統製造企業升級的影響: 基於瓷磚產業的實證研究

The Impact of Knowledge Network on Upgrading of Traditional Manufacturing Enterprises: An Empirical Study on the Ceramic Tile Enterprises

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

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Award date28 Apr 2021

Abstract

經歷了2008年金融危機之後,國內外經濟形勢不斷變化,勞動力、原材料、環境等相關成本逐年增加,製造業面臨著發展困境。瓷磚產業作為一種典型的傳統製造業,近年來遭受多重壓力,呈現出“產能過剩、產量過剩”的面貌,企業盈利下降,“粗放發展”道路發展受限。在供給側結構性改革以及經濟新常態的大背景下,企業提高創新能力,要求進行轉型和升級顯得更加緊急而實際。面對著快速變化的環境,企業間的關係也由單一的競爭關係走向競合關係,知識網絡可以促使企業強化同盟,迅速控制和研發嶄新的知識以及技能,對企業的各種決策行為的影響也越來越深,尤其是近年來製造業加快技術革新步伐,縮短產品生命週期,知識網絡的作用也不斷提高,研究知識網絡對傳統製造企業創新能力產生的作用,以及對企業升級的影響,顯得尤為重要。

在明確了研究的聚焦點之後,本文對研究問題相關的文獻進行了梳理,並對瓷磚產業發展現狀及升級路徑進行現實考察後,提出了知識網絡對企業升級的作用機制,著重探討知識網絡對企業升級的影響,以及企業創新能力的中介作用。

接著,本文通過問卷調查的方法,設計並發放回收241份問卷,從內容效度和結構效度兩個方面檢驗了問卷量表的適用性,並通過內在一致性進行信度檢驗。在完成效度和信度檢驗後,本文重點進行了相關性分析,並通過多元層級回歸分析對假設進行驗證。

對於本文實證分析的結果,本文期望能從案例的角度加以深化。因此,本文隨後利用國內企業案例進行深入探討,從而對實證分析的結論進行解釋和驗證,並得到了相應的應用啟示。

本文的結論主要有以下三點:(1)知識網絡涵蓋結構維度和關係維度,此中結構維度蘊涵網絡規模、網絡中心度以及網絡異質性,關係維度包含關係質量、關係強度以及關係穩定性;(2)知識網絡是企業創新能力的主要影響內容。其中,網絡中心度、網絡規模、關係強度和關係質量對企業創新能力產生顯著正向影響;(3)知識網絡、企業創新能力對企業升級發揮關鍵的影響效用。其中,知識網絡中關係穩定性和關係質量與企業升級呈正相關,而網絡異質性和關係強度與企業升級呈負相關。企業創新能力在知識網絡與企業升級之間起中介作用。
After the 2008 financial crisis, the economic situation of domestics and abroad has continued to change. Related costs such as labor cost, materials cost, and the environment cost have increased year by year, and the manufacturing industry is facing development difficulties. As a typical traditional manufacturing industry, the ceramic tile industry has suffered pressures of various aspects in recent years, encountering the situation of "overcapacity and overproduction", corporate profits have fallen, and the pattern of "extensive development" is limited. In the context of supply-side structural reforms and the new economic normal, it is more urgent and practical for companies to improve their innovation capabilities and require transformation and upgrading. Facing the rapidly-changing environment, the relationship between enterprises has also changed from a relationship of competition to that of both competition and cooperation. Knowledge networks can prompt enterprises to strengthen alliances, quickly control and develop new knowledge and skills, and have an impact on various decision-making behaviors of enterprises. The manufacturing industry has accelerated the pace of technological innovation, shortened product life cycles, and the role of knowledge networks has continued to improve. Research on the effect of knowledge networks on the innovation capabilities of traditional manufacturing enterprises and the impact on enterprise upgrades, which seems particularly important.

After clarifying the focus of the research, this paper sorts out the literature related to the research problem, and after a realistic inspection of the current development and upgrade path of the ceramic tile industry, it proposes the mechanism of the knowledge network on the enterprise upgrade, and focuses on the discussion of the knowledge network on the impact of enterprise upgrading, and the intermediary role of enterprise capabilities of innovation.

Next, this paper uses the method of questionnaire survey to design and distribute 241 questionnaires, test the applicability of the questionnaire scale from two aspects of content validity and structure validity, and conduct reliability test through internal consistency. After completing the validity and reliability tests, this article focuses on correlation analysis, and validates the hypothesis through multi-level regression analysis.

For the results of the analysis of this article, this article intends to deepen it from the perspective of the case. This article applies domestic enterprise cases to conduct in-depth discussions, so as to explain and verify the conclusions of the empirical analysis, and get corresponding application enlightenment.

The conclusions of this article are mainly as follows: (1) Knowledge network covers structural dimensions and relationship dimensions. The structural dimensions include network scale, network centrality, and network heterogeneity. The relationship dimensions include relationship quality, relationship strength, and relationship stability. (2) Knowledge network is the main influence content of enterprise capability of innovation. Among them, network centrality, network scale, relationship strength, and relationship quality have a significant positive impact on enterprise capabilities of innovation; (3) Knowledge network and enterprise capabilities of innovation play a key role in enterprise upgrading. Among them, relationship stability and relationship quality in the knowledge network are positively correlated with enterprise upgrading, while network heterogeneity and relationship strength are negatively correlated with enterprise upgrading. Enterprise capability of innovation plays an intermediary role between knowledge network and enterprise upgrading.

    Research areas

  • Knowledge network, Enterprise capability of innovation, Enterprise upgrade