Zebra-borne equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) infection in non-African captive mammals

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

27 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Azza Abdelgawad
  • Walid Azab
  • Armando M. Damiani
  • Katrin Baumgartner
  • Hermann Will
  • Alex D. Greenwood

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-106
Journal / PublicationVeterinary Microbiology
Volume169
Issue number1-2
Online published25 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) was detected in an Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), which was euthanized because of severe neurological disease. Encephalitis was suspected and EHV-1 DNA was detected in brain, lung, and spleen tissues. The viral IR6 protein was detected in lung tissues by Western blot analysis. Phylogenetic analyses of EHV-1 sequences amplified from various tissues was nearly identical to one recently described that resulted in both non-fatal and fatal encephalitis in polar bears. This represents transmission of EHV-1 to a species that is not naturally sympatric with the natural host of the virus and broadens the host range to Asian non-equid perissodactyls. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Research Area(s)

  • EHV-1, Polar bear, Rhinoceros, Trans-species transmission, Zoo

Citation Format(s)

Zebra-borne equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) infection in non-African captive mammals. / Abdelgawad, Azza; Azab, Walid; Damiani, Armando M.; Baumgartner, Katrin; Will, Hermann; Osterrieder, Nikolaus; Greenwood, Alex D.

In: Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 169, No. 1-2, 21.02.2014, p. 102-106.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review