Work-Family Conflict and Depressive Symptoms Among Chinese Employees : Cross-Level Interaction of Organizational Justice Climate and Family Flexibility

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number6954
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number19
Online published23 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

This study aims to examine how organizational and family factors protect employees from depressive symptoms induced by work-family conflict. With a cross-sectional design, a total of 2184 Chinese employees from 76 departments completed measures of work-family conflict, organizational justice, family flexibility, and depressive symptoms. The results showed that work-family conflict including work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict was positively associated with depressive symptoms. In cross-level analysis, organizational justice climate weakened the adverse effect of work-family conflict on depressive symptoms and the buffering effects of procedural and distributive justice climate in the association between work-family conflict and depressive symptoms depended on family flexibility. Specifically, compared with employees with high family flexibility, procedural and distributive justice climate had a stronger buffering effect for employees with low family flexibility. These results indicate that organization and family could compensate each other to mitigate the effect of work-family conflict on employees’ depressive symptoms. Cultivating justice climate in organization and enhancing family flexibility might be an effective way to reduce employees’ depressive symptoms.

Research Area(s)

  • Depressive symptoms, Family flexibility, Organizational justice climate, Work-family conflict

Citation Format(s)

Work-Family Conflict and Depressive Symptoms Among Chinese Employees : Cross-Level Interaction of Organizational Justice Climate and Family Flexibility. / Zhou, Mingjie; Zhang, Jinfeng; Li, Fugui; Chen, Chen.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 17, No. 19, 6954, 01.10.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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