Virtual trainer system : a tool to increase exercise participation and work productivity

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)892-910
Journal / PublicationInternet Research
Issue number3
Online published8 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2021


Purpose - Due to lack of motivation, individuals often fail to perform regular exercise. In view of this, we developed a virtual trainer system (VTS) to encourage users to perform simple exercise routines regularly.
Design/methodology/approach - A design science approach is adopted to develop a VTS to motivate users to exercise. Study findings are based on a field experiment with 91 participants recruited from a university in Hong Kong.
Findings - Outcome-oriented reminders foster stronger perceived risks of health and perceived value of exercises, whereas virtual trainer attractiveness has insignificant effect. Perceived value of exercises is positively related to exercise participation, which has a positive relationship with work productivity.
Research limitations/implications - The findings answer question of how to motivate people to continue exercising.
Practical implications - Findings provide insights for fitness companies to design online exercise training for users.
Social implications - VTS can promote regular exercise and healthy life.
Originality/value - This research shows that interactive virtual agents can motivate users to exercise regularly. It contributes to the burgeoning research on the use of IT artifacts for improving exercise participation and provides practical insights into VTS designs.

Research Area(s)

  • Exercise participation, Healthcare IT, Virtual agent, Virtual learning, Work productivity