Video-rate full-ring ultrasound and photoacoustic computed tomography with real-time sound speed optimization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4398-4413
Journal / PublicationBiomedical Optics Express
Issue number8
Online published27 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022



Full-ring dual-modal ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging provide complementary contrasts, high spatial resolution, full view angle and are more desirable in pre-clinical and clinical applications. However, two long-standing challenges exist in achieving high-quality video-rate dual-modal imaging. One is the increased data processing burden from the dense acquisition. Another one is the object-dependent speed of sound variation, which may cause blurry, splitting artifacts, and low imaging contrast. Here, we develop a video-rate full-ring ultrasound and photoacoustic computed tomography (VF-USPACT) with real-time optimization of the speed of sound. We improve the imaging speed by selective and parallel image reconstruction. We determine the optimal sound speed via co-registered ultrasound imaging. Equipped with a 256-channel ultrasound array, the dual-modal system can optimize the sound speed and reconstruct dual-modal images at 10 Hz in real-time. The optimized sound speed can effectively enhance the imaging quality under various sample sizes, types, or physiological states. In animal and human imaging, the system shows co-registered dual contrasts, high spatial resolution (140 µm), single-pulse photoacoustic imaging (< 50 µs), deep penetration (> 20 mm), full view, and adaptive sound speed correction. We believe VF-USPACT can advance many real-time biomedical imaging applications, such as vascular disease diagnosing, cancer screening, or neuroimaging.

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