Vertical variation of tropical cyclone size in the western North Pacific

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Nan Yang
  • Yubin Li
  • Johnny C. L. Chan
  • Kevin K. W. Cheung
  • Lei Ye
  • And 1 others
  • Yujie Wu

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4424-4444
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Climatology
Volume42
Issue number8
Online published1 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2022

Abstract

Based on the ERA5 reanalysis dataset, this paper examines the vertical variation of tropical cyclone (TC) size in the western North Pacific during 1998–2018. The TC size is defined as the distance from the TC centre to the radius at which the azimuthally averaged relative vorticity decreases to 1 × 10−5 s−1 (Rvor). It is found that TCs with similar sizes at the surface can be significantly different in size at higher levels. The Rvor at 10 m height (Rvor10) and that at 200 hPa (Rvor200) are related to TC intensity categories, and Rvor10 and that at 700 hPa (Rvor700) correlate linearly with the relative sea surface temperature (RSST) averaged within a 500-km radius. Further, a positive correlation is found between the 500-km radius averaged rain rate and Rvor200, while Rvor10, Rvor700 and Rvor200 all decrease with an increasing vertical wind shear (VWS). The spatial distributions of Rvor10, Rvor700, Rvor200 and Vmax, RSST, and rain rate are all similar to one another, and the spatial correlation coefficient between any pair of variations is larger than 0.91, which is statistically significant at the 0.01 level. The monthly variations of Rvor10, Rvor700 and Rvor200 are generally larger in the months with strong TC activity (May–October) than in the other months, although a peak of Rvor10 during March has been identified for the more recent few TCs. No significant interannual trend is found during 1998–2018 for any of the three variables (Rvor10, Rvor700 and Rvor200). Statistically significant correlations between the ENSO (El Niño–Southern Oscillation) index and Rvor10 and Rvor200 are 0.54 and 0.47, respectively, while no statistically significant correlation is found between the ENSO index and Rvor700. The mechanisms that affect the TC size at different heights are complicated and will be explored in later studies.

Research Area(s)

  • correlation, size, tropical cyclone, vertical variation, western North Pacific

Citation Format(s)

Vertical variation of tropical cyclone size in the western North Pacific. / Yang, Nan; Li, Yubin; Chan, Johnny C. L. et al.
In: International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 42, No. 8, 30.06.2022, p. 4424-4444.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review