Vegetative endocarditis in six cats

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • R Malik
  • D B Church
  • A Zahn
  • G S Allan
  • P Martin
  • D I Wigney
  • D N Love

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-180
Journal / PublicationJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume1
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Between 1990 and 1997 vegetative endocarditis was diagnosed in six neutered cats (three males, three females) aged between 3 and 9 years. Two cats were purebred (one Persian and one Tonkinese), the remaining four being domestic short haired cats. The diagnosis was made using echocardiography (five cases) or at necropsy (one case). Concurrent involvement of the aortic and mitral valve was noted in four cats, the aortic valve alone was affected in one case, and the tricuspid valve in another. A likely microbiological diagnosis was obtained in three cats: a Bartonella species in two cats based on positive blood culture and a Streptococcus species in one cat based on Gram stain of valve lesions at necropsy. In another cat, Gram-positive cocci were demonstrated histologically in tricuspid vegetations. Invariably, cats had signs of congestive heart failure (left-sided in five cats, right-sided in one), and this was the major factor contributing to mortality in four cases. Signs referable to sepsis were prominent in only two patients. Appropriate medical therapy, consisting of antimicrobials and drugs to treat congestive heart failure, resulted in survival for 5 and 11 months, respectively, in two cases. The other cats died within 2 weeks of diagnosis, including two which received aggressive treatment in hospital. © 1999 European Society of Feline Medicine.

Citation Format(s)

Vegetative endocarditis in six cats. / Malik, R; Barrs, V R; Church, D B et al.

In: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, Vol. 1, No. 3, 01.09.1999, p. 171-180.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review