Variational Models for Joint Subsampling and Reconstruction of Turbulence-Degraded Images

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1488-1525
Number of pages38
Journal / PublicationJournal of Scientific Computing
Issue number3
Online published1 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


Turbulence-degraded image frames are distorted by both turbulent deformations and space–time-varying blurs. To suppress these effects, we propose a multi-frame reconstruction scheme to recover a latent image from the observed distorted image sequence. Recent approaches are commonly based on registering each frame to a reference image, by which geometric turbulent deformations can be estimated and a sharp image can be restored. A major challenge is that a fine reference image is usually unavailable, as every turbulence-degraded frame is distorted. A high-quality reference image is crucial for the accurate estimation of geometric deformations and fusion of frames. Besides, it is unlikely that all frames from the image sequence are useful, and thus frame selection is necessary and highly beneficial. In this work, we propose a variational model for joint subsampling of frames and extraction of a clear image. A fine image and a suitable choice of subsample are simultaneously obtained by iteratively reducing an energy functional. The energy consists of a fidelity term measuring the discrepancy between the extracted image and the subsampled frames, as well as regularization terms on the extracted image and the subsample. Different choices of fidelity and regularization terms are explored. By carefully selecting suitable frames and extracting the image, the quality of the reconstructed image can be significantly improved. Extensive experiments have been carried out, which demonstrate the efficacy of our proposed model. In addition, the extracted subsamples and images can be put in existing algorithms to produce improved results. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018.

Research Area(s)

  • Frame selection, Image restoration, Multi-frame reconstruction, Turbulence, Turbulent deformation

Citation Format(s)