Validation of interfacial area concentration model for simulating bubbly and cap/slug flow behaviors in large diameter pipes using LSTF, ATLAS, and horizontal pipe experiment data

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number103499
Journal / PublicationProgress in Nuclear Energy
Volume128
Online published12 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

This study discusses Interfacial Area Concentration (IAC) models developed for bubbly and cap/slug flow regimes in a large diameter pipe incorporating recently developed small bubble fraction correlations in various flow conditions. The main focus of this study was the robust simulation of the behaviors of bubbly and cap/slug flows in large diameter pipes observed in Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF), Advanced Thermal-hydraulic test Loop for Accident Simulation (ATLAS), and horizontal flow test facility. Since the IAC was one of the key parameters to achieve this, an IAC model for large diameter pipes was first derived based on the existing Hibiki-Ishii IAC model for bubbly flow, and the Shen-Hibiki IAC model for cap bubbly-to-churn flow. The volume fraction of group-1 bubbles, i.e., small spherical bubbles, in the IAC model, which have been developed based on the assumption that the group-1 bubbles exponentially decay in the slug flow regime, was refined. As a result, a more physical model of the group-1 bubble number density that remains constant in the cap/slug flow regime was imposed for large diameter pipes. The validity of the IAC model for large diameter pipes in predicting the interfacial drag force between gas and liquid phases in large pipes of multiple test facilities was then examined. The validation of the proposed IAC model was conducted through simulations of 1) the loss of Residual Heat Removal (RHR) during the mid-loop operation of the LSTF, 2) the 6-inch Small Break Loss of Coolant Accident (SBLOCA) of the ATLAS, and 3) the two-phase flow behaviors under a wide range of fluid conditions in the horizontal pipe test facility. Improved results were obtained with the proposed model as it indicated that there was good agreement between the calculated results and the experimental data throughout the whole transient.

Research Area(s)

  • Flow regime, IAC, Large diameter pipe, Volume fraction of small spherical bubbles

Citation Format(s)

Validation of interfacial area concentration model for simulating bubbly and cap/slug flow behaviors in large diameter pipes using LSTF, ATLAS, and horizontal pipe experiment data. / Heo, Jaeseok; Yoon, Seung Hyun; Kim, Kyung Doo et al.
In: Progress in Nuclear Energy, Vol. 128, 103499, 10.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review