Valence State Manipulation of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles on a Titanium Surface for Modulating Cell Fate and Bone Formation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Jinhua Li
  • Jin Wen
  • Bin Li
  • Wei Qiao
  • Jie Shen
  • Weihong Jin
  • Xinquan Jiang
  • Kelvin W. K. Yeung

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700678
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Science
Volume5
Issue number2
Online published18 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Link(s)

Abstract

Understanding cell–biomaterial interactions is critical for the control of cell fate for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Here, cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeONPs) are applied at different Ce4+/Ce3+ ratios (i.e., 0.46, 1.23, and 3.23) to titanium substrate surfaces by magnetron sputtering and vacuum annealing. Evaluation of the cytotoxicity of the modified surface to cultured rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) reveals that the cytocompatibility and cell proliferation are proportional to the increases in Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio on titanium surface. The bone formation capability induced by these surface modified titanium alloys is evaluated by implanting various CeONP samples into the intramedullary cavity of rat femur for 8 weeks. New bone formation adjacent to the implant shows a close relationship to the surface Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio; higher Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio achieves better osseointegration. The mechanism of this in vivo outcome is explored by culturing rat BMSCs and RAW264.7 murine macrophages on CeONP samples for different durations. The improvement in osteogenic differentiation capability of BMSCs is directly proportional to the increased Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio on the titanium surface. Increases in the Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio also elevate the polarization of the M2 phenotype of RAW264.7 murine macrophages, particularly with respect to the healing-associated M2 percentage and anti-inflammatory cytokine secretion. The manipulation of valence states of CeONPs appears to provide an effective modulation of the osteogenic capability of stem cells and the M2 polarization of macrophages, resulting in favorable outcomes of new bone formation and osseointegration.

Research Area(s)

  • cerium oxide nanoparticles, immune response, macrophages, osteogenic differentiation, stem cells

Citation Format(s)

Valence State Manipulation of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles on a Titanium Surface for Modulating Cell Fate and Bone Formation. / Li, Jinhua; Wen, Jin; Li, Bin; Li, Wan; Qiao, Wei; Shen, Jie; Jin, Weihong; Jiang, Xinquan; Yeung, Kelvin W. K.; Chu, Paul K.

In: Advanced Science, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1700678, 02.2018.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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