Uyghur support for economic justice in Ürümchi

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-29
Journal / PublicationPacific Affairs
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


There has been little research conducted on economic beliefs among Uyghurs in Xinjiang, although they are part of the reason Uyghurs have developed feelings of relative deprivation and unfairness. Do most Uyghurs support economic individualism, which holds that the poor are responsible for their misfortunes, economic inequality is good, and the government should not interfere in the economy? Or do they endorse economic communitarianism, which holds that the government shall provide for the poor and reduce inequality via intervention? Are there some people in the Uyghur community who are more economically communitarian than others? Are Uyghur economic beliefs related to the usual socio-demographic measures such as age, sex, education, occupational attainment and income? Is there a religious influence on Uyghur economic attitudes? If not, how can Uyghur economic preferences be accounted for? This paper addresses these questions using data from a survey conducted in Ürümchi in 2007. It shows that the vast majority of Uyghurs endorse economic communitarianism. In addition to Islamic orthodoxy, Uyghur consciousness is related to this endorsement. However, Uyghur socioeconomic status is not correlated with their economic preferences. This is partly because Uyghur-Han inequality affects Uyghur attitudes more than intra-group differentiation in social status among Uyghurs. © Pacific Affairs.

Research Area(s)

  • Communitarianism, Economic beliefs, Inequality, Islam, Muslims

Citation Format(s)

Uyghur support for economic justice in Ürümchi. / Zang, Xiaowei.
In: Pacific Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 1, 03.2013, p. 7-29.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review