Using stirring power curves to investigate the air-entrainment and mechanical properties of cement mortar at low air pressure

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xiao-Hui Zeng
  • Hua-Sheng Zhu
  • Yu-Zhou Ran
  • Hussaini Abdullahi Umar
  • Guo-Cui Teng
  • Jun-Qing Wu
  • Yun-Xian Zhou
  • Jie-Bo Peng
  • Guang-Cheng Long

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number131142
Journal / PublicationConstruction and Building Materials
Volume378
Online published29 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2023

Abstract

With more infrastructures being built in plateau areas, low atmospheric pressure has been suggested as a new factor affecting the air-entrainment and mechanical properties of concrete. However, the influence and mechanism of low air pressure on cement-based materials are still ambiguous. This study investigates the air-entrainment of cementitious materials at low air pressure for the first time using stirring power curves and homogenization work. Results show that the homogenization work at low pressure is 22.5 %-96.4 % higher than at standard pressure, which is attributed to the lower air content of samples and poor stability of air bubbles at low pressure; for the first time, the optimum stirring speed for air-entrainment at low pressure is recommended; the air-voids parameters of low-pressure samples are unusual; and the compressive strength increased by 4.3 %, 6.7 %, and 9.4 % at the age of 7 days, 14 days, and 28 days, respectively, when air pressure drops from 101 kPa to 50 kPa. The mechanisms of low air pressure on the properties of cementitious materials are expounded. This study proposes a new method to regulate air-entrainment of cement-based materials in plateaus, in addition to providing a comprehensive explanation of the effects and principles of low air pressure on behaviours of cementitious materials. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Research Area(s)

  • Air-entrainment, Cement mortar, Low air pressure, Mechanical properties, Stirring power curves

Citation Format(s)

Using stirring power curves to investigate the air-entrainment and mechanical properties of cement mortar at low air pressure. / Zeng, Xiao-Hui; Lan, Xu-Li; Zhu, Hua-Sheng et al.
In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 378, 131142, 16.05.2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review