Using generalized cross validation to select regularization parameter for total variation regularization problems

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1120
Journal / PublicationInverse Problems and Imaging
Issue number5
Online publishedJul 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes


The regularization approach is used widely in image restoration problems. The visual quality of the restored image depends highly on the regularization parameter. In this paper, we develop an automatic way to choose a good regularization parameter for total variation (TV) image restoration problems. It is based on the generalized cross validation (GCV) approach and hence no knowledge of noise variance is required. Due to the lack of the closed-form solution of the TV regularization problem, difficulty arises in finding the minimizer of the GCV function directly. We reformulate the TV regularization problem as a minimax problem and then apply a first-order primal-dual method to solve it. The primal subproblem is rearranged so that it becomes a special Tikhonov regularization problem for which the minimizer of the GCV function is readily computable. Hence we can determine the best regularization parameter in each iteration of the primal-dual method. The regularization parameter for the original TV regularization problem is then obtained by an averaging scheme. In essence, our method needs only to solve the TV regulation problem twice: one to determine the regularization parameter and one to restore the image with that parameter. Numerical results show that our method gives near optimal parameter, and excellent performance when compared with other state-of-the-art adaptive image restoration algorithms.

Research Area(s)

  • Generalized cross validation (GCV), Primal-dual, Regularization parameter, Total variation (TV)