Uptake and Depuration Kinetics of Pacific Ciguatoxins in Orange-Spotted Grouper (Epinephelus coioides)

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yim Ling Mak
  • Yu-Han Chang
  • Chengui Xiao
  • Yi-Min Chen
  • Jincan Shen
  • Paul K. S. Lam

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4475-4483
Number of pages9
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume54
Issue number7
Online published6 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2020

Abstract

Ciguatoxins (CTXs), produced by toxic benthic dinoflagellates, can bioaccumulate in marine organisms at higher trophic levels. The current study evaluated the uptake and depuration kinetics of some of the most potent CTXs, PacificCTX-1, -2, and -3 (P-CTX-1, -2, and -3), in orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) exposed to 1 ng P-CTXs g−1 fish daily. Over a 30 d exposure, P-CTX-1, -2, and -3 were consistently detected in various tissues of exposed fish, and the concentrations of the total P-CTXs in tissues generally ranked following the order of liver, intestine, gill, skin, brain, and muscle. Relatively higher uptake rates of P-CTX-1 in the groupers were observed compared with those of P-CTX-2 and -3. The depuration rate constants of PCTX-1, -2, and -3 in different tissues were (0.996−16.5) × 10−2,(1.51−16.1) × 10−2, and (0.557−10.6) × 10−2 d−1, respectively. The accumulation efficiencies of P-CTX-1, -2, and -3 in whole groupers were 6.13%, 2.61%, and 1.15%, respectively. The increasing proportion of P-CTX-1 and the decreasing proportion of PCTX-2 and -3 over the exposure phase suggest a likely biotransformation of P-CTX-2 and -3 to P-CTX-1, leading to higher levels ofP-CTX-1 in fish and possibly a higher risk of CTXs in long-term exposed fish.

Research Area(s)

  • PARALYTIC SHELLFISH TOXINS, ELIMINATION KINETICS, DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY, DIETARY ACCUMULATION

Citation Format(s)

Uptake and Depuration Kinetics of Pacific Ciguatoxins in Orange-Spotted Grouper (Epinephelus coioides). / Li, Jing; Mak, Yim Ling; Chang, Yu-Han; Xiao, Chengui; Chen, Yi-Min; Shen, Jincan; Wang, Qi; Ruan, Yuefei; Lam, Paul K. S.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 54, No. 7, 07.04.2020, p. 4475-4483.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review