Upconversion in Nanostructured Materials : From Optical Tuning to Biomedical Applications

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-385
Journal / PublicationChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number4
Online published29 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2018


Photon upconversion that is characterized by high-energy photon emission followed by lower-energy excitation has been conventionally studied in bulk materials for several decades. This unique nonlinear luminescence process has become a subject of great attention since 2000 when upconverted emission was demonstrated in nanostructured crystals. In comparison with their bulk counterparts, nanostructured materials provide more room for optical fine-tuning by allowing flexible compositional integration and structural engineering. Moreover, the high colloidal stability of nanoparticles coupled with high amenability to surface functionalization opens up a number of new applications for upconversion, especially in the fields of biology and life science. In this focus review, we discuss recent developments in upconversion materials through nanostructural design and review emerging biomedical applications that involve these nanostructured upconversion materials. We also attempt to highlight challenging problems of these nanomaterials that constrain further progress in utilizing upconversion processes.

Research Area(s)

  • biomedicine, core–shell structures, nanostructures, nonlinear optics, upconversion