網上漢字知識庫的構思

Conceptions of an On-line Chinese Character Knowledge Base

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)25-45
Journal / Publication漢字漢文教育
Volume33
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Abstract

香港的語文教育工作者一直都關心漢字字詞方面的定量分析、學習和應用。香港教育局課程發展處在2011年開發了網上漢字學習資源如“香港中文學習字詞表”http://www.edbchinese.hk/lexlist/和“中英對照香港學校中文學習基礎字詞” http://www.edbchinese.hk/lexlist_en/。這是積累了三十年的研究而得出的成果。1990 年,香港課程發展議會公佈《小學中國語文科課程綱要》,附錄《小學常用字表》,列出了 小學階段要學會的2600 字;1996 年,香港教育署公佈《小學教學參考詞語表(試用)》,收錄了6765 個詞語。2003 年,香港理工大學受香港教育統籌局委託,研製供小學教學用的字表和參考詞語表。研究小組在已有的研究基礎上,增加最新的語料達 652 0000 字,從而得出新的詞表,最終確定收錄9706 個詞語。為了協助非華裔的學生學習中文,又增加了英語注釋。本文從介紹這些香港官方的網絡資源開始,進一步探討如何以豐富的多媒體網站技術、計算機辭典編纂學、語料語言學、計算機科技的整合應用去增進漢字教學的深度、廣度和效度。
Hanzi is different from alphabetical languages in both structure and the form-pronunciation relationship. Alphabetical scripts are processed in the dominant hemisphere, whereas Chinese script involve bilateral hemisphere resources. Reading Hanzi works through the ventral lexical access stream whereas transparent alphabetical languages preferentially use the dorsal stream. This difference is likely to be due to the opacity of Chinese language for sound, whilst being more transparent for form-meaning relationship, as well as less explicit instructions in using the phonological clue in reading Hanzi. Anteriorly, the premotor area is involved in reading Chinese corresponding to the importance of handwriting in learning and recognizing Chinese, in the presence of the relative opacity of form-pronunciation. Suggestion is made for the linear deconstruction of Hanzi for learning purpose, the use of pronunciation of its structural architecture and the use of chunking. At the same time, the usefulness of Hanzi graphabets for chunking and as well as resolving the conflict between computer input and learning of Hanzi is emphasized.

Research Area(s)

  • 網上字詞表, 多媒體網站技術, 計算機辭典編纂學, 語料語言學, 網上漢字知識庫, On-line Chinese character learning resources, multi-media internet technology, computational lexicography, corpus linguistics, Chinese character knowledge base

Citation Format(s)

網上漢字知識庫的構思. / 藺蓀.
In: 漢字漢文教育, Vol. 33, 01.2014, p. 25-45.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review