社區工作 : 意義重塑與展望

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)27 - 42
Journal / Publication香港社會工作學報
Volume45
Issue number1 & 2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Abstract

社區工作是社會工作的三大介入方法之一,但是,近代社會工作的發展愈來愈走向治療化的趨勢,逐漸遺忘了或忽略了社區工作在社會工作實踐的重要性。西方學者己提出社會工作專業不可以只著重個人、家庭及小組工作的發展,更不應只熱衷於輔導及治療模式的運用,而要重拾社區工作的意義。本文嘗試討論爲何社會工作需要包含社區工作方法,重塑社區工作在社會工作實務的意義;包括:(一) 彰顯社會工作的「社會」本質和涵義;(二) 社區被視爲服務對象;(三) 加上宏觀角度及介入手法;(四) 善用和發動社區資源;(五) 展現社會工作的倡導角色;(六) 發揮社會工作去促進社會改變的功能;及(七) 抗衡專業化帶來的負面影響。本文亦會檢視社會轉變所帶來的挑戰,展望社區工作需要發展的方向。
Community work is one of the three basic social work intervention methods. However, recent developments in social work emphasize clinical practices and increasingly neglect the importance of community work practice. Western scholars have already pointed out that the focus of the social work profession on developing interventions and practices for individuals, families, and social groups as well as counseling and therapeutic models needs to be complemented by reclaiming an emphasis on community work. This article examines why social work should include community work and discusses the following meanings of community work in social work: (1) making clear the social of social work; (2) community regarded as a target group; (3) inclusion of macro perspective and practice; (4) the effective use of community resources; (5) unfolding the advocacy role of community work; (6) fulfilling the function of promoting social change; and (7) counteracting the negative effects of professionalization. This article also discusses the challenges brought about by social changes to social work and suggests the future directions for community work.

Citation Format(s)

社區工作 : 意義重塑與展望. / 甘炳光.

In: 香港社會工作學報, Vol. 45, No. 1 & 2, 2012, p. 27 - 42.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review