党政关系 : 一个人事制度视角与经验证据

The Party-Government Relationship in the Chinese Bureaucracy : Evidence from Patterns of Personnel Flow

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • 周雪光
  • 艾云
  • 葛建华
  • 顾慧君
  • 李丁
  • 李兰
  • 赵伟
  • 朱灵

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Article number34
Pages (from-to)137-167
Journal / Publication社会
Volume40
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Abstract

党政关系是中国国家治理结构的核心所在。已有文献大多集中在"应然性"研究或官员层次的分析。本文提出一个基于人事制度的研究视角,从官员在党政领域不同职位和机构的任职、流动、兼职等事件和轨迹信息来测量党政机构和职位间的交融程度和关联程度,从不同侧面捕捉党政关系的实际运行状况。本研究提出了党政领域间人事流动的一系列分析概念和维度,如任期期限、职位和机构的知识通用性、交融性、关联性等。我们应用这一视角和相应的概念测量分析一个省份在省市县(区)层次机构主要官员的人事任期和流动信息,及其所折射的党政关系特点。
The party-government relationship is central in the governance of the People’s Republic of China, with its key characteristic of the former dominating the latter. Focusing on personnel management practice and the resulting patterns of personnel flow across positions and offices in the party and government sectors, we examine the party-government relationship in light of personnel flows across the party-government sectors, and the offices/bureaus and positions therein, in a large Chinese bureaucracy.
Previous research shows two different lines of inquiry. The first focuses on personnel flows in the Chinese bureaucracy with an emphasis on individual-level career trajectories, mobility patterns, and the associated incentive mechanisms. But the party-government relationships are given minimum attention. The second tends to provide descriptive or normative accounts of party-government relationships and their historical evolutions but has not examined these relationships in a quantitative and analytical manner.
Our study builds on and goes beyond these existing studies in several ways. First, we proposed a perspective that focuses on personnel management and patterns of personnel flow across positions and offices in the party and government sectors. We take the existing party-government structures as our starting point and examine how these personnel flow patterns, or the lack thereof, provide information on the infusion and interconnectedness, or distance and separateness, between the party-government sectors, areas, and offices.
Second, we developed a set of analytical dimensions and measures to capture different aspects of the party-government relationship, such as the extent of stability and specialization in the party and government positions and offices. We also proposed measures of the diffusion and interconnectedness among the party and government offices.
Third, we applied these analytical dimensions and measures to systematically examine the multifaceted patterns of personnel flow and the resulting party-government relationships in a large Chinese bureaucracy at the provincial, municipal, and county levels in an entire province, between 1990 and 2008, with over 40 000 key officials and over 30 000 person-year records.
Our findings show that there are noticeable variations in patterns of personnel flow among party and government positions and offices, with the former experiencing higher rates of mobility and more generalist characteristics. On the other hand, we also find considerable infusion and interconnectedness among positions and offices between the party and government sectors. These findings suggest that, in the Chinese governments, those party-government positions are organized into an integrated hierarchical order whose boundaries are formal in structure but fluid in terms of personnel flows, especially in those key positions in different administrative jurisdictions.

Research Area(s)

  • 党政关系, 人事制度, 党政交融度, 党政关联度, party-government relationships, personnel flow, interconnectedness among offices, bureaucracy

Citation Format(s)

党政关系 : 一个人事制度视角与经验证据. / 周雪光; 艾云; 葛建华; 顾慧君; 李丁; 李兰; 卢清莲; 赵伟; 朱灵.

In: 社会, Vol. 40, No. 2, 34, 03.2020, p. 137-167.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review