Unpacking the Gender Differences on Mental Health : The Effects of Optimism and Gratitude

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xiao Dong YUE
  • Neelam Arjan HIRANANDANI
  • Feng Jiang
  • Zhenhu Hou
  • Xiaohua Chen

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-649
Journal / PublicationPsychological Reports
Volume120
Issue number4
Online published30 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Abstract

Mental health studies show that women are likely to score higher on subjective well-being and higher on depression than men. To verify this, the present study collected a sample of 5648 undergraduates in 55 universities in China. Results showed that women reported higher optimism, gratitude, subjective well-being, and depression than men, and that optimism and gratitude mediated the relationship between gender and mental health (subjective well-being and depression). By its implication, women were more likely to be optimistic and grateful, and as such they tended to experience higher subjective well-being and depression simultaneously. This also implies that gender differences on mental health could also be a dispositional issue as well as a socialization one.

Research Area(s)

  • depression, gender differences, gratitude, optimism, Subjective well-being

Bibliographic Note

Full text of this publication does not contain sufficient affiliation information. Research Unit(s) information for this record is supplemented by the author(s) concerned.

Citation Format(s)

Unpacking the Gender Differences on Mental Health : The Effects of Optimism and Gratitude. / YUE, Xiao Dong; HIRANANDANI, Neelam Arjan; Jiang, Feng; Hou, Zhenhu; Chen, Xiaohua.

In: Psychological Reports, Vol. 120, No. 4, 01.08.2017, p. 639-649.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review