Universal Sex Differences in the Desire for Sexual Variety : Tests from 52 Nations, 6 Continents, and 13 Islands

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

273 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • David P. Schmitt
  • Lidia Alcalay
  • Jüri Allik
  • Lara Ault
  • Ivars Austers
  • Kevin L. Bennett
  • Gabriel Bianchi
  • Fredric Boholst
  • Mary Ann Borg Cunen
  • Johan Braeckman
  • Edwin G. Brainerd Jr.
  • Leo Gerard A. Caral
  • Gabrielle Caron
  • Maria Martina Casullo
  • Michael Cunningham
  • Ikuo Daibo
  • Charlotte De Backer
  • Eros De Souza
  • Rolando Diaz-Loving
  • Gláucia Diniz
  • Kevin Durkin
  • Marcela Echegaray
  • Ekin Eremsoy
  • Harald A. Euler
  • Ruth Falzon
  • Maryanne L. Fisher
  • Dolores Foley
  • Douglas P. Fry
  • Sirspa Fry
  • M. Arif Ghayur
  • Debra L. Golden
  • Karl Grammer
  • Liria Grimaldi
  • Jamin Halberstadt
  • Dora Herrera
  • Janine Hertel
  • Heather Hoffmann
  • Danica Hooper
  • Zuzana Hradilekova
  • Jasna Hudek-Kene-evi
  • Jas Jaafar
  • Margarita Jankauskaite
  • Heidi Kabangu-Stahel
  • Igor Kardum
  • Brigitte Khoury
  • Hayrran Kwon
  • Kaia Laidra
  • Anton-Rupert Laireiter
  • Dustin Lakerveld
  • Ada Lampert
  • Maryanne Lauri
  • Marguerite Lavallée
  • Suk-Jae Lee
  • Kenneth D. Locke
  • Vance Locke
  • Ivan Luksik
  • Ishmael Magaisa
  • Dalia Marcinkeviciene
  • André Mata
  • Rui Mata
  • Barry McCarthy
  • Michael E. Mills
  • João Moreira
  • Sérgio Moreira
  • Miguel Moya
  • M. Munyae
  • Patricia Noller
  • Adrian Opre
  • Alexia Panayiotou
  • Nebojsa Petrovic
  • Karolien Poels
  • Miroslav Popper
  • Maria Poulimenou
  • Volodymyr P'yatokha
  • Michel Raymond
  • Ulf-Dietrich Reips
  • Susan E. Reneau
  • Sofia Rivera-Aragon
  • Wade C. Rowatt
  • Willibald Ruch
  • Velko S. Rus
  • Marilyn P. Safir
  • Sonia Salas
  • Fabio Sambataro
  • Kenneth N. Sandnabba
  • Marion K. Schulmeyer
  • Astrid Schütz
  • Tullio Scrimali
  • Todd K. Shackelford
  • Phillip R. Shaver
  • Francis Sichona
  • Franco Simonetti
  • Tilahun Sineshaw
  • Tom Speelman
  • Spyros Spyrou
  • H. Canan Sümer
  • Nebi Sümer
  • Marianna Supekova
  • Tomasz Szlendak
  • Robin Taylor
  • Bert Timmermans
  • William Tooke
  • Ioannis Tsaousis
  • F. S K Tungaraza
  • Griet Vandermassen
  • Tim Vanhoomissen
  • Frank Van Overwalle
  • Ine Vanwesenbeeck
  • Paul L. Vasey
  • João Verissimo
  • Martin Voracek
  • Wendy W. N. Wan
  • Ta-Wei Wang
  • Peter Weiss
  • Andik Wijaya
  • Liesbeth Woertman
  • Gahyun Youn
  • Agata Zupanèiè

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-104
Journal / PublicationJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume85
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

Abstract

Evolutionary psychologists have hypothesized that men and women possess both long-term and short-term mating strategies, with men's short-term strategy differentially rooted in the desire for sexual variety. In this article, findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions (including North America, South America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Oceania, South/Southeast Asia, and East Asia) demonstrate that sex differences in the desire for sexual variety are culturally universal throughout these world regions. Sex differences were evident regardless of whether mean, median, distributional, or categorical indexes of sexual differentiation were evaluated. Sex differences were evident regardless of the measures used to evaluate them. Among contemporary theories of human mating, pluralistic approaches that hypothesize sex differences in the evolved design of short-term mating provide the most compelling account of these robust empirical findings.

Citation Format(s)

Universal Sex Differences in the Desire for Sexual Variety : Tests from 52 Nations, 6 Continents, and 13 Islands. / Schmitt, David P.; Alcalay, Lidia; Allik, Jüri; Ault, Lara; Austers, Ivars; Bennett, Kevin L.; Bianchi, Gabriel; Boholst, Fredric; Borg Cunen, Mary Ann; Braeckman, Johan; Brainerd Jr., Edwin G.; Caral, Leo Gerard A.; Caron, Gabrielle; Martina Casullo, Maria; Cunningham, Michael; Daibo, Ikuo; De Backer, Charlotte; De Souza, Eros; Diaz-Loving, Rolando; Diniz, Gláucia; Durkin, Kevin; Echegaray, Marcela; Eremsoy, Ekin; Euler, Harald A.; Falzon, Ruth; Fisher, Maryanne L.; Foley, Dolores; Fry, Douglas P.; Fry, Sirspa; Arif Ghayur, M.; Golden, Debra L.; Grammer, Karl; Grimaldi, Liria; Halberstadt, Jamin; Herrera, Dora; Hertel, Janine; Hoffmann, Heather; Hooper, Danica; Hradilekova, Zuzana; Hudek-Kene-evi, Jasna; Jaafar, Jas; Jankauskaite, Margarita; Kabangu-Stahel, Heidi; Kardum, Igor; Khoury, Brigitte; Kwon, Hayrran; Laidra, Kaia; Laireiter, Anton-Rupert; Lakerveld, Dustin; Lampert, Ada; Lauri, Maryanne; Lavallée, Marguerite; Lee, Suk-Jae; Chung Leung, Luk; Locke, Kenneth D.; Locke, Vance; Luksik, Ivan; Magaisa, Ishmael; Marcinkeviciene, Dalia; Mata, André; Mata, Rui; McCarthy, Barry; Mills, Michael E.; Moreira, João; Moreira, Sérgio; Moya, Miguel; Munyae, M.; Noller, Patricia; Opre, Adrian; Panayiotou, Alexia; Petrovic, Nebojsa; Poels, Karolien; Popper, Miroslav; Poulimenou, Maria; P'yatokha, Volodymyr; Raymond, Michel; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich; Reneau, Susan E.; Rivera-Aragon, Sofia; Rowatt, Wade C.; Ruch, Willibald; Rus, Velko S.; Safir, Marilyn P.; Salas, Sonia; Sambataro, Fabio; Sandnabba, Kenneth N.; Schulmeyer, Marion K.; Schütz, Astrid; Scrimali, Tullio; Shackelford, Todd K.; Shaver, Phillip R.; Sichona, Francis; Simonetti, Franco; Sineshaw, Tilahun; Speelman, Tom; Spyrou, Spyros; Sümer, H. Canan; Sümer, Nebi; Supekova, Marianna; Szlendak, Tomasz; Taylor, Robin; Timmermans, Bert; Tooke, William; Tsaousis, Ioannis; Tungaraza, F. S K; Vandermassen, Griet; Vanhoomissen, Tim; Van Overwalle, Frank; Vanwesenbeeck, Ine; Vasey, Paul L.; Verissimo, João; Voracek, Martin; Wan, Wendy W. N.; Wang, Ta-Wei; Weiss, Peter; Wijaya, Andik; Woertman, Liesbeth; Youn, Gahyun; Zupanèiè, Agata.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 85, No. 1, 07.2003, p. 85-104.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal