Unique biologic properties of recombinant AAV1 transduction in polarized human airway epithelia

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Ziying Yan
  • Diana C. M. Lei-Butters
  • Xiaoming Liu
  • Yulong Zhang
  • Meihui Luo
  • Roman Zak
  • John F. Engelhardt

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29684-29692
Journal / PublicationJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number40
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The choice of adeno-associated virus serotypes for clinical applications is influenced by the animal model and model system used to evaluate various serotypes. In the present study, we sought to compare the biologic properties of rAAV2/1, rAAV2/2, and rAAV2/5 transduction in polarized human airway epithelia using viruses purified by a newly developed common column chromatography method. Results demonstrated that apical transduction of human airway epithelia with rAAV2/1 was 100-fold more efficient than rAAV2/2 and rAAV2/5. This transduction profile in human airway epithelia (rAAV2/1 ≫ rAAV2/2 = rAAV2/5) was significantly different from that seen following nasal administration of these vectors to mouse lung (rAAV2/5 > rAAV2/1 ≫ rAAV2/2), emphasizing differences in transduction of these serotypes between these two species. In stark contrast to rAAV2/2 and rAAV2/5, rAAV2/1 transduced both the apical and basolateral membraneofhumanairway epithelia with similar efficiency. However, the overall level of transduction across serotypes did not correlate with vector internalization. We hypothesized that differences in post-entry processing of these serotypes might influence the efficiency of apical transduction. To this end, we tested the effectiveness of proteasome inhibitors to augment nuclear translocation and gene expression from the three serotypes. Augmentation of rAAV2/1 apical transduction of human polarized airway epithelia was 10-fold lower than that for rAAV2/2 and rAAV2/5. Cellular fractionation studies demonstrated that proteasome inhibitors more significantly enhanced rAAV2/2 and rAAV2/5 translocation to the nucleus than rAAV2/1. These results demonstrate that AAV1 transduction biology in human airway epithelia differs from that of AAV2 and AAV5 by virtue of altered ubiquitin/proteasome sensitivities that influence nuclear translocation. © 2006 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Citation Format(s)

Unique biologic properties of recombinant AAV1 transduction in polarized human airway epithelia. / Yan, Ziying; Lei-Butters, Diana C. M.; Liu, Xiaoming; Zhang, Yulong; Zhang, Liang; Luo, Meihui; Zak, Roman; Engelhardt, John F.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 281, No. 40, 06.10.2006, p. 29684-29692.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal