Understanding Performance of Edge Content Caching for Mobile Video Streaming

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

113 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Ge Ma
  • Zhi Wang
  • Miao Zhang
  • Jiahui Ye
  • Wenwu Zhu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number7875170
Pages (from-to)1076-1089
Journal / PublicationIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Volume35
Issue number5
Online published9 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Today's Internet has witnessed an increase in the popularity of mobile video streaming, which is expected to exceed 3/4 of the global mobile data traffic by 2019. To satisfy the considerable amount of mobile video requests, video service providers have been pushing their content delivery infrastructure to edge networks - from regional content delivery network (CDN) servers to peer CDN servers (e.g., smartrouters in users' homes) - to cache content and serve users with storage and network resources nearby. Among the edge network content caching paradigms, Wi-Fi access point caching and cellular base station caching have become two mainstream solutions. Thus, understanding the effectiveness and performance of these solutions for large-scale mobile video delivery is important. However, the characteristics and request patterns of mobile video streaming are unclear in practical wireless network. In this paper, we use real-world data sets containing 50 million trace items of nearly 2 million users viewing more than 0.3 million unique videos using mobile devices in a metropolis in China over two weeks, not only to understand the request patterns and user behaviors in mobile video streaming, but also to evaluate the effectiveness of Wi-Fi and cellular-based edge content caching solutions. To understand the performance of edge content caching for mobile video streaming, we first present temporal and spatial video request patterns, and we analyze their impacts on caching performance using frequency-domain and entropy analysis approaches. We then study the behaviors of mobile video users, including their mobility and geographical migration behaviors, which determine the request patterns. Using trace-driven experiments, we compare strategies for edge content caching, including least recently used (LRU) and least frequently used (LFU), in terms of supporting mobile video requests. We reveal that content, location, and mobility factors all affect edge content caching performance. Moreover, we design an efficient caching strategy based on the measurement insights and experimentally evaluate its performance. The results show that our design significantly improves the cache hit rate by up to 30% compared with LRU/LFU.

Research Area(s)

  • content delivery, Edge network, measurement, mobile video streaming, user behavior

Citation Format(s)

Understanding Performance of Edge Content Caching for Mobile Video Streaming. / Ma, Ge; Wang, Zhi; Zhang, Miao; Ye, Jiahui; Chen, Minghua; Zhu, Wenwu.

In: IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 35, No. 5, 7875170, 05.2017, p. 1076-1089.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review