Ultrafast hetero-assembly of monolithic interwoven V2O5 nanobelts/carbon nanotubes architectures for high-energy alkali-ion batteries

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hui Yang
  • Guobao Xu
  • Xiaolin Wei
  • Juexian Cao
  • Liwen Yang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-304
Journal / PublicationJournal of Power Sources
Volume395
Online published15 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018

Abstract

Monolithic interwoven composite of V2O5 nanobelts and carbon nanotubes (designated as VNTs⊂CNTs-40) is prepared via one-pot hydrothermal synthesis and subsequent vacuum filtration. The strong synergistic effect between versatile CNTs and in situ produced V2O5 nanobelts in hydrothermal process leads to the formation of 3D interwoven mesh intermediate with relatively loose and well-reticulated channels which facilitate mass transfer in ultrafast hetero-assembly (∼30s) of film-like monolithic VNTs⊂CNTs-40 composite during vacuum filtration. The interconnected CNTs network and interstitial porous channels in the monolithic VNTs⊂CNTs-40 composite not only improve charge transport during the redox reactions of the active materials, but also serve as a robust and flexible buffer to accommodate the volume change during repetitive ion insertion/extraction. In the evaluation of binder-free cathodes in alkali-ion batteries, the monolithic VNTs⊂CNTs-40 composite exhibits outstanding alkali-ion storage properties such as high initial capacity (215.2/295.8 mAhg−1 for SIBs/LIBs at a current density of 200 mAg−1), high-rate capability (137.8/156.2 mAhg−1 for SIBs/LIBs at a current density of 800/2000 mAg−1), and superior cycling stability (167/223.5 mAhg−1 for SIBs/LIBs at a current density of 200 mAg−1 after 200 cycles). The monolithic VNTs⊂CNTs-40 composite has large potential in high-performance alkali-ion batteries.

Research Area(s)

  • Alkali-ion batteries, Cathode, CNTs, Hetero-assembly, V2O5 nanobelts

Citation Format(s)

Ultrafast hetero-assembly of monolithic interwoven V2O5 nanobelts/carbon nanotubes architectures for high-energy alkali-ion batteries. / Yang, Hui; Xu, Guobao; Wei, Xiaolin; Cao, Juexian; Yang, Liwen; Chu, Paul K.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 395, 15.08.2018, p. 295-304.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review