Two-dimensional nanomaterial-based polymer composites: Fundamentals and applications

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)770-792
Journal / PublicationNanotechnology Reviews
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial-reinforced polymer composites exhibit superior properties and multifunctional applications. Compared to lower dimensional nanomaterials such as nanotubes and nanoparticles, 2D nanomaterials show a larger surface area. The large surface area makes 2D nanomaterials more effectively restrict the mobility of polymer chains and yields better reinforcing efficiency than the lower-dimensional nanomaterials. To gain an in-depth understanding and extend the applications of polymer composites reinforced with 2D nanomaterials, this paper reviews the progress in the fundamentals of synthesis and applications of such composites. The motivation and improvement of adding 2D nanomaterials to polymer materials are introduced first, followed by the synthesis approaches and the properties of typical 2D nanomaterials, including graphene, boron nitride nanosheet, and molybdenum disulfide nanosheet. Based on the properties of 2D nanomaterials, polymer composites reinforced with different types of 2D nanomaterials are designed for structural application, thermal dissipation application, tribological application, three-dimensional printing composite structures, and strain sensing application. Afterwards, the significance of reinforcement-matrix interaction and its improving approach are reviewed. The current progress envisions that polymer composites reinforced with 2D nanomaterials can be used in the fields of aviation and aerospace for improving radiation shielding capacity and nanomedical engineering.

Research Area(s)

  • nanosheets, interface, thermal dissipation, strain sensor, synthesis, BORON-NITRIDE NANOSHEETS, FUNCTIONALIZED GRAPHENE SHEETS, MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS, ENHANCED THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, VAPOR-PHASE GROWTH, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, DIELECTRIC-PROPERTIES, CARBON NANOTUBES, BOTTOM-UP, TOP-DOWN

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