Twisting statics and dynamics for circular elastic nanosolids by nonlocal elasticity theory

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-494
Journal / PublicationActa Mechanica Solida Sinica
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


The torsional static and dynamic behaviors of circular nanosolids such as nanoshafts, nanorods and nanotubes are established based on a new nonlocal elastic stress field theory. Based on a new expression for strain energy with a nonlocal nanoscale parameter, new higher-order governing equations and the corresponding boundary conditions are first derived here via the variational principle because the classical equilibrium conditions and/or equations of motion can-not be directly applied to nonlocal nanostructures even if the stress and moment quantities are replaced by the corresponding nonlocal quantities. The static twist and torsional vibration of cir-cular, nonlocal nanosolids are solved and discussed in detail. A comparison of the conventional and new nonlocal models is also presented for a fully fixed nanosolid, where a lower-order governing equation and reduced stiffness are found in the conventional model while the new model reports opposite solutions. Analytical solutions and numerical examples based on the new nonlocal stress theory demonstrate that nonlocal stress enhances stiffness of nanosolids, i.e. the angular displace-ment decreases with the increasing nonlocal nanoscale while the natural frequency increases with the increasing nonlocal nanoscale. © 2011 The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics.

Research Area(s)

  • angular displacement, nanoscale, nonlocal stress, torsion, vibration