Trends in child poverty in Hong Kong immigrant families

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

12 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Kee-Lee Chou
  • Kelvin Chi-Kin Cheung
  • Maggie Ka-Wai Lau
  • Tony Chuen-Ho Sin

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-825
Journal / PublicationSocial Indicators Research
Volume117
Issue number3
Online published26 Jun 2013
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Abstract

In Hong Kong, child poverty is a serious social problem which may lead to intergenerational poverty, but nevertheless only a few studies have examined this issue, particularly for immigrant families. Using Census data (5%) from 1981, 1991, 2001, and 2011, we assessed child poverty rates in the past three decades and identified key variables contributing to changes in the risk of child poverty for both immigrant and local families. Our results indicate that child poverty rates in Hong Kong-born families have fluctuated between 14.3 and 15.8% over the past three decades, while for immigrant families they have increased steadily and substantially from 18.1% in 1981 to 36.5% in 2001 and then to 37.5% in 2011. We show that the increase in immigrant child poverty is associated with changes in the Hong Kong economy that have made it more difficult for such families to adapt to the host society, especially in the 1990s and that this negative effect offset the positive influence of compositional changes among this group of immigrant families in terms of parental education levels and family size. The gap between immigrant and local families in terms of child poverty risk is mainly due to the fact that during the 1990s the negative effect of contextual changes in Hong Kong was cancelled out by the beneficial impact of compositional changes for local families, but not for immigrant families where the latter effect was minimal.

Research Area(s)

  • Child poverty, Chinese, Hong Kong, Immigrant family, Trend

Citation Format(s)

Trends in child poverty in Hong Kong immigrant families. / Chou, Kee-Lee; Cheung, Kelvin Chi-Kin; Lau, Maggie Ka-Wai; Sin, Tony Chuen-Ho.

In: Social Indicators Research, Vol. 117, No. 3, 07.2014, p. 811-825.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal