Towards a Cognitive-emotive-behavioral Model of Adolescent Suicidal Ideation in Hong Kong : The Agenda

Research output: Conference Papers (RGC: 31A, 31B, 32, 33)32_Refereed conference paper (no ISBN/ISSN)peer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages72-72
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2010

Conference

Title2010 Joint World Conference on Social Work and Social Development: The Agenda
PlaceChina
CityHong Kong
Period10 - 14 June 2010

Abstract

Based on Daniel Goleman’s theory of emotional competence, Beck’s cognitive theory and Rudd’s cognitive-behavioral theory of suicidality, the relationship between hopelessness (cognitive component), social problem solving (cognitive-behavioral component) and emotional competence (emotive component) and adolescent suicidal ideation were examined. A survey was conducted and 5,557 self-administered questionnaires were completed by F.1 to F.4 students from 42 secondary schools in Hong Kong. Results showed that suicidal ideation was positively related to adolescent hopelessness but negatively related to emotional competence and social problem solving. Standard regression analyses showed that all the above variables were significant predictors of suicidal ideation. Further regression analyses showed that all the four subscales of emotional competence, i.e. empathy, social skills, self management of emotions, utilization of emotions were important predictors of male adolescent suicidal ideation. However, social skill was not a significant predictor of female adolescent suicidal ideation. Standard regression analysis also revealed that all the three subscales of social problem solving, i.e. negative problem orientation, rational problem solving, impulsiveness /carelessness style, were important predictors of suicidal ideation. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that hopelessness was the most important predictor of suicidal ideation, followed by social problem solving and emotional competence. Theoretically, the study provided evidence for a cognitive theory of adolescent suicidal ideation, although social problem solving and emotional competence also accounted for a small to medium proportion of variance in adolescent suicidal ideation. Practically, in order to decrease suicidal ideation, it is important to cultivate the sense of hope, enhance emotional competence and develop social problem solving abilities in adolescents. Workshops and programs can be conducted to help adolescents build up hope and future expectations, develop positive attitudes to exploring possible options in life, understand and manage their own emotions, generate workable solutions and make effective decisions for problem solving.

Citation Format(s)

Towards a Cognitive-emotive-behavioral Model of Adolescent Suicidal Ideation in Hong Kong : The Agenda. / KWOK LAI, Yuk Ching.

2010. 72-72 Paper presented at 2010 Joint World Conference on Social Work and Social Development: The Agenda, Hong Kong, China.

Research output: Conference Papers (RGC: 31A, 31B, 32, 33)32_Refereed conference paper (no ISBN/ISSN)peer-review