Toward a Practical Zn Powder Anode : Ti3C2Tx MXene as a Lattice-Match Electrons/Ions Redistributor

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14631–14642
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Issue number9
Online published3 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2021


The renaissance of aqueous Zn ion batteries has drawn intense attention to Zn metal anode issues, including dendrites growth, dead Zn, low efficiency, and other parasitic reactions. However, against the widely used 2D Zn foil, in fact, the Zn powder anode is a more practical choice for Zn-based batteries in industrial applications, but the related solutions are rarely investigated. Herein, we focus on the Zn powder anode and disclose its unknown failure mechanism different from Zn foils. By utilization of 2D flexible conductive Ti3C2Tx MXene flakes with hexagonal close-packed lattice as electrons and ions redistributor, a stable and highly reversible Zn powder anode without dendrite growth and low polarization is constructed. Low lattice mismatch (∼10%) enables a coherent heterogeneous interface between the (0002) plane of deposited Zn and (0002) plane of the Ti3C2Tx MXene. Thus, the Zn2+ ions are induced to undergo rapid uniform nucleation and sustained reversible stripping/plating with low energy barriers via the internally bridged shuttle channels. Paired with cyano group iron hexacyanoferrate (FeHCF) cathode, the FeHCF//MXene@Zn full battery delivers superior cycle durability and rate capability, whose service life with a CE of near 100% touches 850% of bare Zn powder counterparts. The proposed Ti3C2Tx MXene redistributor strategy concerning high-speed electrons/ions channel, low-barrier heterogeneous interface, is expected to be widely applied to other alkali metal anodes.

Research Area(s)

  • electrodeposition, lattice matching, redistributor, Ti3C2Tx MXene, Zn powder