Topological quantum field theory for Abelian topological phases and loop braiding statistics in (3+1)-dimensions

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number235137
Journal / PublicationPhysical Review B
Volume99
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019

Abstract

Topological quantum field theory (TQFT) is a very powerful theoretical tool to study topological phases and phase transitions. In 2 + 1d, it is well known that the Chern-Simons theory captures all the universal topological data of topological phases, e.g., quasiparticle braiding statistics, chiral central charge, and even provides us a deep insight for the nature of topological phase transitions. Recently, topological phases of quantum matter are also intensively studied in 3 + 1d and it has been shown that looplike excitation obeys the so-called three-loop-braiding statistics. In this paper, we will try to establish a TQFT framework to understand the quantum statistics of particle and looplike excitation in 3 + 1d. We will focus on Abelian topological phases for simplicity, however, the general framework developed here is not limited to Abelian topological phases.