Tinnitus Correlates with Downregulation of Cortical Glutamate Decarboxylase 65 Expression But Not Auditory Cortical Map Reorganization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Asako Miyakawa
  • Weihua Wang
  • Sung-Jin Cho
  • Delia Li
  • Shaowen Bao

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9989-10001
Journal / PublicationJournal of Neuroscience
Volume39
Issue number50
Online published8 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2019

Abstract

Hearing loss is the biggest risk factor for tinnitus and hearing loss-related pathological changes in the auditory pathway have been hypothesized as the mechanism underlying tinnitus. However, due to the comorbidity of tinnitus and hearing loss, it has been difficult to differentiate between neural correlates of tinnitus and consequences of hearing loss. In this study, we dissociated tinnitus and hearing loss in FVB mice, which exhibit robust resistance to tinnitus following monaural noise-induced hearing loss. Furthermore, knockdown of glutamate decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) expression in auditory cortex by RNA interference gave rise to tinnitus in normal-hearing FVB mice. We found that tinnitus was significantly correlated with down-regulation of GAD65 in the auditory cortex. By contrast, cortical map distortions, which have been hypothesized as a mechanism underlying tinnitus, were correlated with hearing loss but not tinnitus. Our findings suggest new strategies for the rehabilitation of tinnitus and other phantom sensation, such as phantom pain.

Research Area(s)

  • hearing loss, inhibition, noise trauma, sensory map plasticity, tinnitus

Citation Format(s)

Tinnitus Correlates with Downregulation of Cortical Glutamate Decarboxylase 65 Expression But Not Auditory Cortical Map Reorganization. / Miyakawa, Asako; Wang, Weihua; Cho, Sung-Jin; Li, Delia; Yang, Sungchil; Bao, Shaowen.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 39, No. 50, 11.12.2019, p. 9989-10001.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal