Three-dimensional Ag/carbon nanotube-graphene foam for high performance dendrite free lithium/sodium metal anodes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Bofang Tian
  • Zhenxin Huang
  • Xilian Xu
  • Xiehong Cao
  • Hui Wang
  • And 7 others
  • Tingting Xu
  • Dezhi Kong
  • Zhuangfei Zhang
  • Jie Xu
  • Jinhao Zang
  • Xinjian Li
  • Ye Wang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-58
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume132
Online published26 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Abstract

Although lithium metal and sodium metal are promised as ideal anodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium ion batteries (SIBs), they still suffer from inevitable dendrite growth. In light of this, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are sputtered onto three-dimensional carbon nanotube decorated graphene foam (3D CNT-GF) to construct superior 3D Ag/CNT-GF composite matrix for lithium metal anodes (LMAs) and sodium metal anodes (SMAs). With this design, lithiophilic/sodiophilic Ag NPs could provide favorable sites to guide Li/Na metal nucleation and growth, thus leading to low nucleation overpotentials, high Coulombic efficiency and long cycle performance. Accordingly, 3D Ag/CNT-GF electrodes can stably cycle for 1000 and 750 cycles at 3 mA cm−2 with 1 mAh cm−2 for SMAs and LMAs, respectively. More attractively, it can also stably sustain 300 cycles (SMAs) and 500 cycles (LMAs) at a large current density of 5 mA cm−2 with 1 mAh cm−2. The excellent electrochemical performance can be attributed to the lithiophilic/sodiophilic electrode surface, 3D porous electrode structure and the dendrite-free morphology as demonstrated by ex-situ scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and in-situ optical microscopy analyses. Furthermore, full cells based on Na@3D Ag/CNT-GF||Na3V2(PO4)3@carbon (NVP@C) and Li@3D Ag/CNT-GF||LiFePO4 (LFP) could deliver highly reversible capacities of 90.1 and 106.4 mAh g−1, respectively, at 100 mA g−1 after 200 cycles for SIBs and LIBs, respectively. This work demonstrates a novel 3D Ag/CNT-GF matrix for boosting Li/Na deposition stability for their future applications.

Research Area(s)

  • Dendrite-free morphology, In-situ optical microscopy investigation, Li/Na metal anodes, Lithiophilic/sodiophilic 3D Ag/CNT-GF nanostructure, Uniform deposition

Citation Format(s)

Three-dimensional Ag/carbon nanotube-graphene foam for high performance dendrite free lithium/sodium metal anodes. / Tian, Bofang; Huang, Zhenxin; Xu, Xilian et al.

In: Journal of Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 132, 01.01.2023, p. 50-58.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review