Thin, soft, skin-integrated foam-based triboelectric nanogenerators for tactile sensing and energy harvesting

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • M. Wu
  • S. Hou
  • Y. Liu
  • X. Huang
  • E. Song
  • J. Yu


Original languageEnglish
Article number100657
Journal / PublicationMaterials Today Energy
Issue number100657
Online published27 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


Flexible and stretchable triboelectric nanogenerator (FS-TENG) is an excellent candidate of energy harvesters and tactile sensors as which can collect and induce electrical signals during daily activities and thus for self-powering wearable electronics. Here, ultrathin, soft, skin-integrated self-powering sensors based on FS-TENGs with sets of materials of porous poly(dimethylsiloxane) foam and advanced serpentine silver nanowires are reported to applicate TENG in high-sensitive human–machine interfaces. Systematically, studies of morphology and microstructures in the foam-based FS-TENGs indicate that appropriately designed thin foam triboelectric layers can effectively facile electrostatic induction and significantly enhance the electrical output signals. As a result, an open circuit voltage and a power density as high as 78.7 V and 33.75 W/m2 can be achieved, that is 20 times greater than the pure silicone-based FS-TENGs. Demonstrations of these FS-TENGs with the simple processing routes that associate with 24 sensors integrated on a glove and a large area 8 × 8 tactile sensor array highlight the capabilities of self-powering sensing and energy harvesting. These results offer an effective approach for thin, light wearable self-powering electronics for applications in healthcare monitoring and human-machine interfaces.

Research Area(s)

  • Flexible electronics, Human–machine interfaces, PDMS foam, Tactile sensors, TENGs