Thin, soft, garment-integrated triboelectric nanogenerators for energy harvesting and human machine interfaces

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12123
Journal / PublicationEcoMat
Issue number4
Online published22 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021



The applications of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) in wearable electronics for energy harvesting and motion sensing have raised extensive attentions, since TENGs enable to convert body motions induced mechanical energy into electrical signals. The development of thin, soft, and garment-integrated TENGs would be an important solution for the power management in wearable electronics as well as self-powered sensors. Here, we report materials, device designs, processing routes for garment-integrated TENGs (G-TENGs) and demonstrations of the G-TENGs in wearable energy harvesting and human-machine interfaces. The G-TENGs adopt a simple layout with two soft silicone layers and one graphene-coated fabric layer, exhibiting great flexibility, air-permeability, and robust durability. Furthermore, the G-TENGs present outstanding electrical characteristics with open-circuit voltage and short-current outputs as great as 213.75 V and 3.11 mu A, under a constant frequency and stress of 3 Hz and 5.6 kPa, respectively. The excellent mechanical properties of the G-TENGs allow them tolerating toward over 1000 cycles of bending, stretching and twisting, and maintaining unchanged electrical outputs after these deformations. The stable electrical outputs and the excellent mechanical performance of the G-TENGs provide a high potential in self-powered sensors, energy harvesting, human-machine interfaces and many others.

Research Area(s)

  • garment-integrated electronics, graphene, human machine interfaces, textile electronics, triboelectric nanogenerators, HAND GESTURE RECOGNITION, SKIN, ELECTRONICS, SENSOR

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