Theoretical study on on-chip gain characteristics of Er3+ in LiNbO3-on-insulator photonic wire pumped at 980 nm wavelength

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Feng Chen
  • Jia-Min Liu
  • Qing Xu
  • De-Long Zhang


Original languageEnglish
Article number109753
Journal / PublicationOptics and Laser Technology
Online published26 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


On-chip 1.53 μm amplification in 980-nm-pumped Er3+-doped lithium niobate on insulator (Er:LNOI) photonic wire (PW) has been studied theoretically in comparison with that in Ti:Er:LiNbO3 waveguide on the basis of three- and six-level models of Er3+. We show that the six-level model gives more accurate analysis and its validity is confirmed by comparing the simulated results with the previously reported experiment data. The study shows that the Er:LNOI PW has a larger Er3+ population inversion extent than the Ti:Er:LiNbO3 because of larger overlapping factor of mode field and Er3+ population profiles, and ultra-compact mode field. As a result, the Er:LNOI PW displays better gain performance than the Ti:Er:LiNbO3 as described below. (1) Maximum/saturation gain of Er:LNOI PW can be as much as two/three times higher than that of the Ti:Er:LiNbO3. (2) Gain of the Er:LNOI PW increases with propagation length more strongly in the initial stage and decreases more slowly beyond optimal length. It also shows stronger dependences on both pump power (in the initial stage) and signal power. (3) Gain in the Er:LNOI PW saturates more easily, and the Er:LNOI PW has a threshold pump power one order of magnitude lower than the Ti:Er:LiNbO3. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Research Area(s)

  • Er:LNOI, Optical amplification, Photonic wire

Citation Format(s)