The Worringham and Beringer 'visual field' principle for rotary controls

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1620-1624
Journal / PublicationErgonomics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


Worringham and Beringer (1989, 1998) developed a very important principle relating compatibility of movement of horizontally moving translational controls to display movements when the operator's view of the display is in a plane different to that of the control. On the basis of past data of the current authors, it is shown that the visual field principle also applies to the operation of vertically moving translational controls and to rotary controls. These additions make the Worringham and Beringer principle the most powerful design principle available for situations where the operator is viewing a display that is not in the same plane as the control. Practitioner Summary: High compatibility between control input and display output is of great importance in machine design. This paper demonstrates that, for cases where the display is not in the same plane as the control, the visual field principle is operational for vertically moving translational controls and rotary controls as well as for horizontally moving translational controls. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

Research Area(s)

  • display/control orientation, rotary controls, visual field principle

Citation Format(s)