The Role of Family Health in Mediating the Association between Smartphone Use and Health Risk Behaviors among Chinese Adolescent Students : A National Cross-Sectional Study

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Fangmin Gong
  • Zhaowen Lei
  • Zhuliu Gong
  • Hewei Min
  • Pu Ge
  • Yi Guo
  • Xinying Sun
  • Yibo Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number13378
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number20
Online published17 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

The direct impact of smartphones on health risk behaviors of adolescent students has been verified. However, the mediating mechanisms that underly this relationship remain largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of the study is to explore the role of family health in mediating the relationship between the frequency of smartphone use and adolescent students’ health risk behaviors. A questionnaire was used to collect cross-sectional data from 693 adolescent students aged 12–18 in China and a structural equation model was analyzed. Among the nine health risk behaviors, the most frequent health risk behaviors in Chinese adolescent students were non-compliance walking behaviors (M=Mean; SD = Standard deviation) (M ± SD) (2.78 ± 1.747), eating unhygienic food (M ± SD) (2.23 ± 1.299), being subjected to physical violence (M ± SD) (2.19 ± 0.645), and leaving home (M ± SD) (2.13 ± 0.557). The SEM results showed that the adolescent students’ smartphone use had a positive impact on delaying the age of first alcohol consumption (β = 0.167, CI:0.067 0.287) and a negative impact on the non-compliance walking behaviors (β = 0.176, CI:0.011 0.266). Family health plays an indirect-only mediated role (the proportions of indirect-only mediated roles are 11.2%, 12.4%, and 11.5%) in the relationship between smartphone use and adolescent students’ partial health risk behaviors: (CI: −0.042 −0.002), (CI: −0.049 −0.005), and (CI: −0.043 −0.002). These findings provided a theoretical and practical basis for better interventions in adolescent health risk behaviors. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Research Area(s)

  • adolescents, family health, health risk behaviors, mediating role, smartphone use, structural equations

Citation Format(s)

The Role of Family Health in Mediating the Association between Smartphone Use and Health Risk Behaviors among Chinese Adolescent Students: A National Cross-Sectional Study. / Gong, Fangmin; Lei, Zhaowen; Gong, Zhuliu et al.
In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 19, No. 20, 13378, 10.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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