The prevalence of Serpulina pilosicoli in humans and domestic animals in the eastern highlands of Papua New Guinea

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • D. J. Trott
  • B. G. Combs
  • A. S J Mikosza
  • S. L. Oxberry
  • I. D. Robertson
  • M. Passey
  • J. Taime
  • R. Sehuko
  • M. P. Alpers

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-379
Journal / PublicationEpidemiology and Infection
Volume119
Issue number3
Online published1 Dec 1997
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In a survey of five villages in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea, Serpulina pilosicoli was isolated from rectal swabs from 113 of 496 individuals (22.8%). Colonization rates ranged from 22.6-30.1% in four of the villages but was only 8.6% in the other village. In comparison colonization was demonstrated in only 5 of 54 indigenous people (9.3%) and none of 76 non-indigenous people living in an urban environment in the same region. Colonization did not relate to reported occurence of diarrhoea, age, sex, or length of time resident in a village. A second set of 94 faecal specimens was collected from 1 village 6 weeks after the first set. S. pilosicoli was isolated from 27 of 29 individuals (93.1%) who were positive on the first sampling and 7 of 65 individuals (10.8%) who previously were negative. In this case, isolates were significantly more common in watery stools than in normal stools. The annual incidence of infection in the village was calculated as 93.6%, with an average duration of infection of 117 days. S. pilosicoli could not be isolated from any village pig (n = 126) despite its confirmed presence in 17 of 50 commercial pigs (34.0%) sampled at a local piggery. Four of 76 village dogs (5.3%) and 1 of 2 village ducks were colonized with S. pilosicoli, suggesting the possibility of cross transmission between humans and animals.

Citation Format(s)

The prevalence of Serpulina pilosicoli in humans and domestic animals in the eastern highlands of Papua New Guinea. / Trott, D. J.; Combs, B. G.; Mikosza, A. S J; Oxberry, S. L.; Robertson, I. D.; Passey, M.; Taime, J.; Sehuko, R.; Alpers, M. P.; Hampson, D. J.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 119, No. 3, 12.1997, p. 369-379.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review