The Potentials of ADR for Corporate Remediation in the Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Sector of Nigeria

Research output: Conference PapersAbstractpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
Publication statusOnline published - 2 May 2024


TitleBusiness and Human Rights in Africa
PlaceSouth Africa
CityCape Town
Period1 April 2024


The exploration of carbon-based petroleum resources seems to be a curse to the Niger Delta inhabitants of Nigeria, given the negative impacts of multinational oil companies' operations on the Niger Delta ecological space. It is no longer new knowledge how harmful environmental activities affect human rights and the climatic systems and there is no other part of the world where multinational companies are directly linked or contribute to enormous ecological shocks than in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria owing to poor regulatory and institutional frameworks that drive the political will in engaging the corporate power and engender corporate responsibility.
By implication, the indigenous peoples of the Niger Delta are left with fewer options in seeking access to remedy and justice within municipal law and in extraterritorial contexts resulting in the fate of notable cases like Gbemre , Okpabi , Jalla , Agbara , and Bodo Community . One observable trait across these cases is the limitation of contentious litigation as a mechanism for enforcing ecological and human rights justice, given some of the typical challenges adjudicatory mechanisms face in a jurisdiction like Nigeria.
Considering the above reality, the Nigerian Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) was enacted in 2021 to overhaul Nigeria’s oil and gas sector. The PIA established two regulatory agencies- the Nigerian Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Authority (the Authority) and the Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (the Commission), which are saddled with the mandate to make regulations (administrative laws) on specific issues within their governance competence. One such Regulations made by the Authority is the Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Alternative Dispute Resolution Regulations (the Regulations) in 2023 under its powers in Sections 33(t), 120 (j), 163 and 179(2) of the PIA. The main aim of the Regulations is to establish the Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Alternative Dispute Resolution Centre as a non-judicial grievance mechanism (NJGV) and provide the procedures for timely and cost-efficient dispute resolution in the sector.
Therefore, the crux of this proposed short piece is to: succinctly review and analyze the Regulations; and examine whether it has the potential to provide the needed forum for dispute resolution and the quest for justice. The extent such Regulations will facilitate the engagement of the responsibility of the multinational oil companies operating in Nigeria in the light of their obligations under the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) to facilitate and provide remediation where they contribute or directly linked to human rights violations which in most cases are induced by environmental harms and climate change impacts will nevertheless be a subject of discussion and analysis in this piece.
In conclusion, this proposal mirrors one of the four (4) themes of the Call for Proposals. We hope the reviewers will find our proposal an interesting piece for consideration.

Research Area(s)

  • ADR, BHR, non-judicial grievance mechanism, remediation, justice

Bibliographic Note

Information for this record is provided by the author(s) concerned.

Citation Format(s)

The Potentials of ADR for Corporate Remediation in the Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Sector of Nigeria. / Onwurah, Okwudili Onyenwee; Obialor, Noble Ik.
2024. Abstract from Business and Human Rights in Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.

Research output: Conference PapersAbstractpeer-review