The order and transshipment decisions in a two-location inventory system with demand forecast updates

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-66
Journal / PublicationComputers and Industrial Engineering
Online published22 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019


To improve profitability and reduce demand uncertainty, lateral transshipment is employed in this study to reallocate inventory with updated demand information. A decentralized inventory system with two retailers ordering from one common supplier is analyzed. Each retailer places the order independently before the selling season begins based on original demand forecast. As lead time elapses, more information is collected to update the demand forecast and transshipment is examined. This study constructs a two-stage model and applies backward induction to solve the problem. A threshold transshipment policy is proposed at stage 2. The existence of unique Nash equilibrium is proven at stage 1. Both the centralized system with transshipment and the newsvendor-like system without transshipment are studied as benchmarks to evaluate the performance of transshipment in the decentralized system. Extensive numerical examples are conducted to provide some valuable management implications. The results show that transshipment can lead to profit increase, especially in the system with high informative value of demand forecast updates.

Research Area(s)

  • Decentralized inventory system, Forecast updates, Lateral transshipment, Nash equlibrium