The influence of average temperature and relative humidity on new cases of COVID-19 : Time-Series analysis

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Zonglin He
  • Yiqiao Chin
  • Shinning Yu
  • Jian Huang
  • Casper J P Zhang
  • Ke Zhu
  • Nima Azarakhsh
  • Jie Sheng
  • Yi He
  • Pallavi Jayavanth
  • Qian Liu
  • Babatunde O. Akinwunmi

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20495
Journal / PublicationJMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Volume7
Issue number1
Online published25 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

Background: The influence of meteorological factors on the transmission and spread of COVID-19 is of interest and has not been investigated. 
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the associations between meteorological factors and the daily number of new cases of COVID-19 in 9 Asian cities. 
Methods: Pearson correlation and generalized additive modeling (GAM) were performed to assess the relationships between daily new COVID-19 cases and meteorological factors (daily average temperature and relative humidity) with the most updated data currently available. 
Results: The Pearson correlation showed that daily new confirmed cases of COVID-19 were more correlated with the average temperature than with relative humidity. Daily new confirmed cases were negatively correlated with the average temperature in Beijing (r=-0.565, P<.001), Shanghai (r=-0.47, P<.001), and Guangzhou (r=-0.53, P<.001). In Japan, however, a positive correlation was observed (r=0.416, P<.001). In most of the cities (Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Seoul, Tokyo, and Kuala Lumpur), GAM analysis showed the number of daily new confirmed cases to be positively associated with both average temperature and relative humidity, especially using lagged 3D modeling where the positive influence of temperature on daily new confirmed cases was discerned in 5 cities (exceptions: Beijing, Wuhan, Korea, and Malaysia). Moreover, the sensitivity analysis showed, by incorporating the city grade and public health measures into the model, that higher temperatures can increase daily new case numbers (beta=0.073, Z=11.594, P<.001) in the lagged 3-day model. 
Conclusions: The findings suggest that increased temperature yield increases in daily new cases of COVID-19. Hence, large-scale public health measures and expanded regional research are still required until a vaccine becomes widely available and herd immunity is established.

Research Area(s)

  • Analysis, Asia, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Humidity, Meteorological factors, Public health, Temperature, Time-series, Transmission, Virus, Weather

Citation Format(s)

The influence of average temperature and relative humidity on new cases of COVID-19 : Time-Series analysis. / He, Zonglin; Chin, Yiqiao; Yu, Shinning; Huang, Jian; Zhang, Casper J P; Zhu, Ke; Azarakhsh, Nima; Sheng, Jie; He, Yi; Jayavanth, Pallavi; Liu, Qian; Akinwunmi, Babatunde O.; Ming, Wai-Kit.

In: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, Vol. 7, No. 1, e20495, 01.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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