The Impact of Bedbug (Cimex spp.) Bites on Self-Rated Health and Average Hours of Sleep per Day : A Cross-Sectional Study among Hong Kong Bedbug Victims

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Eddy Hin Chung Fung
  • Siu Wai Chiu
  • Hon-Ming Lam
  • Roger Yat-Nork Chung
  • Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
  • Dong Dong
  • Hung Wong

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1027
Journal / PublicationInsects
Volume12
Issue number11
Online published14 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Abstract

Bedbugs (Cimex spp.) are a nuisance public-health pest that is on the rise globally, particularly in crowded cities such as Hong Kong. To investigate the health impacts of bedbug infestations among bedbug victims, online surveys were distributed in Hong Kong between June 2019 to July 2020. Data on sociodemographics, self-rated health, average hours of sleep per day, and details of bedbug infestation were collected. Bivariate and multivariable analysis were performed using logistic regression. The survey identified 422 bedbug victims; among them, 223 (52.9%) experienced ≥five bites in the past month; most bites occurred on the arms (n = 202, 47.8%) and legs (n = 215, 51%), and the most common reaction to bites were itchiness (n = 322, 76.3%), redness, and swelling of the skin (n = 246, 58.1%), and difficulties sleeping or restlessness (n = 125, 29.6%). Bites usually occurred during sleep (n = 230, 54.5%). For impact on daily life in the past month, most bedbug victims reported moderate to severe impact on mental and emotional health (n = 223, 52.8%) and sleeping quality (n = 239, 56.6%). Lower self-rated health (aOR < 1) was independently associated with impact on physical appearance (p = 0.008), spending money on medication or doctor consultation (p = 0.04), number of bites in the past month (p = 0.023), and irregular time of bites (p = 0.003). Lower average hours of sleep per day (aOR < 1) was independently associated with impact on mental and emotional health (p = 0.016). This study brings attention to the neglected issue of bedbug infestation by considering bedbugs as an infectious agent instead of a vector and providing empirical evidence describing its health impacts.

Research Area(s)

  • health, housing, bed bugs, Cimex spp., Hong Kong, sleep disturbance, health impact, public health, causal agent, infectious agent, vector

Citation Format(s)

The Impact of Bedbug (Cimex spp.) Bites on Self-Rated Health and Average Hours of Sleep per Day : A Cross-Sectional Study among Hong Kong Bedbug Victims. / Fung, Eddy Hin Chung; Chiu, Siu Wai; Lam, Hon-Ming; Chung, Roger Yat-Nork; Wong, Samuel Yeung Shan; Chan, Siu Ming; Dong, Dong; Wong, Hung.

In: Insects, Vol. 12, No. 11, 1027, 11.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review