The global existence and large time behavior of smooth compressible fluid in an infinitely expanding ball, III : The 3-D Boltzmann equation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-81
Journal / PublicationJournal of Differential Equations
Issue number1
Online published25 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


This paper is a continuation of the works in [35] and [37], where the authors have established the global existence of smooth compressible flows in infinitely expanding balls for inviscid gases and viscid gases, respectively. In this paper, we are concerned with the global existence and large time behavior of compressible Boltzmann gases in an infinitely expanding ball. Such a problem is one of the interesting models in studying the theory of global smooth solutions to multidimensional compressible gases with time dependent boundaries and vacuum states at infinite time. Due to the conservation of mass, the fluid in the expanding ball becomes rarefied and eventually tends to a vacuum state meanwhile there are no appearances of vacuum domains in any part of the expansive ball, which is easily observed in finite time. In the present paper, we will confirm this physical phenomenon for the Boltzmann equation by obtaining the exact lower and upper bound on the macroscopic density function.

Research Area(s)

  • Boltzmann equation, Expanding ball, Global existence, Vacuum state, Weighted energy estimate