The effect of randomness on the strength of high-entropy alloys

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-434
Journal / PublicationActa Materialia
Volume166
Online published27 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Abstract

High-entropy alloys (HEAs), i.e., single-phase, (nearly) equiatomic multicomponent, metallic materials, are associated with novel mechanical properties, such as high strength, fracture resistance etc. In this paper, a stochastic Peierls-Nabarro (PN) model is proposed to understand how random site occupancy affects intrinsic strength. The stochastic PN model accounts for the randomness in the composition, characterized by both the standard deviation of the perturbation in the interplanar potential and the correlation length within the spatial compositional distribution. The model presented includes the effects of non-uniform compositional distribution both in the direction of dislocation glide and along a dislocation line to predict overall dislocation glide resistance. The model predicts the intrinsic strength of HEAs as a function of the standard deviation and the correlation length of the randomness. We find that, in most of the parameter space, the compositional randomness in an HEA gives rise to an intrinsic strength that far exceeds that of any of the pure metals from which the HEA is composed. This approach provides a fundamental explanation to the origin of the high strength of HEAs.

Research Area(s)

  • Dislocations, High-entropy alloys, Materials strength, Peierls-nabarro model

Citation Format(s)

The effect of randomness on the strength of high-entropy alloys. / Zhang, Luchan; Xiang, Yang; Han, Jian; Srolovitz, David J.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 166, 03.2019, p. 424-434.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal