The effect of dissolved oxygen on N2O production by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in an enriched nitrifying sludge

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume66
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Dissolved oxygen (DO) is commonly recognized as an important factor influencing nitrous oxide (N2O) production by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB). However, it has been difficult to separate the true effect of DO from that of nitrite, as DO variation often affects nitrite accumulation. The effect of DO on N2O production by an enriched nitrifying sludge, consisting of both AOB and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB), was investigated in this study. Nitrite accumulation was minimised by augmenting nitrite oxidation through the addition of an enriched NOB sludge. It was demonstrated that the specific N2O production rate increased from 0 to 1.9±0.09 (n=3) mg N2O-N/hr/g VSS with an increase of DO concentration from 0 to 3.0mg O2/L, whereas N2O emission factor (the ratio between N2O nitrogen emitted and the ammonium nitrogen converted) decreased from 10.6±1.7% (n=3) at DO=0.2mg O2/L to 2.4±0.1% (n=3) at DO=3.0mg O2/L. The site preference measurements indicated that both the AOB denitrification and hydroxylamine (NH2OH) oxidation pathways contributed to N2O production, and DO had an important effect on the relative contributions of the two pathways. This finding is supported by analysis of the process data using an N2O model describing both pathways. As DO increased from 0.2 to 3.0mg O2/L, the contribution of AOB denitrification decreased from 92% - 95%-66% - 73%, accompanied by a corresponding increase in the contribution by the NH2OH oxidation pathway. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, Dissolved oxygen, Model, Nitrous oxide, Pathways, Site preference

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

The effect of dissolved oxygen on N2O production by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in an enriched nitrifying sludge. / Peng, Lai; Ni, Bing-Jie; Erler, Dirk et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 66, 01.12.2014, p. 12-21.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review