The corrosion behavior of Fe-Al alloys in H2/H2S/H2O atmospheres at 700-900°C

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-86
Journal / PublicationOxidation of Metals
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


The corrosion behavior of five Fe-Al binary alloys containing up to 40 at.% Al was studied over the temperature range of 700-900°C in a H2/H2S/H2O mixture with varying sulfur partial pressures of 70-7-10-5 atm. and oxygen partial pressures of 10-24-10-20 atm. The corrosion kinetics followed the parabolic rate law in all cases, regardless of temperature and alloy composition. The parabolic rate constants decreased with increasing Al content. The scales formed on Fe-5 and -10 at.% Al were duplex, consisting of an outer layer of iron sulfide (FeS or Fe1-xS) and an inner complex scale of FeAl2S4 and FeS. Alloys having intermediate Al contents (Fe-18 and-28 at.% Al) formed scales that consisted of mostly iron sulfide and A12O3 as well as minor a amount of FeAl2S4. The amount of A12O3 increased with increasing Al content. The Fe-40 at.% Al formed only Al2O3 at 700°C, while most Al2O3 and some FeS were detected at T≥800°C. The formation of Al2O3 was responsible for the reduction of the corrosion rates. © 1997 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Research Area(s)

  • Al2O3, Corrosion, Fe-Al alloys, FeAl2S4, FeS

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